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Precarious Residents: Migration Control, Membership and the Rights of Non-Citizens

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  • Gibney, Matthew
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the situation of a subgroup of non-citizens found in virtually all contemporary states, what I call “precarious residents”. Precarious residents can be defined as non-citizens living in the state that possess few social, political or economic rights, are highly vulnerable to deportation, and have little or no option for making secure their immigration status. The archetypal precarious resident is the undocumented (or unlawful) migrant. However, there are many other barely tolerated individuals who also fit the appellation, such as asylum seekers (including ones whose claims have been rejected), guest workers, and individuals with temporary protection from deportation. I begin this paper by exploring the nature of precarious residence, discussing its dimensions, causes and manifestations in different national contexts. I move then to consider the human development consequences of precarious residence before exploring the question of the responsibilities of states to protect the rights and, in some cases, recognize the membership claims of these non-citizens.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 19190.

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    Date of creation: 01 Apr 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19190

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    Keywords: immigration; citizenship; non-citizens; rights; undocumented migration; temporary workers; ethics; human rights; asylum; integration; internally displaced persons;

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    1. Ruhs, Martin & Chang, Ha-Joon, 2004. "The Ethics of Labor Immigration Policy," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 58(01), pages 69-102, February.
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