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Democratisation via elections in an African 'narco state'? The case of Guinea-Bissau

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  • Kohnert, Dirk

Abstract

Recent development cooperation with Guinea-Bissau, focussing on good governance, state-building and conflict prevention, did not contribute to democratization nor to the stabilization of volatile political, military and economic structures. Both the portrayal of Guinea-Bissau as failed ‘narco state' as well as Western aid meant to stabilize this state are based on doubtful concepts. Certainly, the impact of drug trafficking could endanger democratization and state-building if continued unchecked. However, the most pressing need is not state-building, facilitated by external aid, yet poorly rooted in the social and political fabric of the country, but nation-building by national reconciliation, as a pre-condition for the creation of viable state institutions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 19109.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:19109

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Keywords: elections; democratization; informal institutions; aid; failed states; nation-building; institution building; drug trafficking; Guinea-Bissau; Africa;

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References

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  1. Dani Rodrik & Romain Wacziarg, 2005. "Do Democratic Transitions Produce Bad Economic Outcomes?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 50-55, May.
  2. Simeon Djankov & Jose Montalvo & Marta Reynal-Querol, 2008. "The curse of aid," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 169-194, September.
  3. Barry, Boubacar-Sid & Gacitua-Mario, Estanislao & Wodon, Quentin, 2007. "Conflict, Livelihoods, and Poverty in Guinea-Bissau: An Overview," MPRA Paper 11115, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Dirk Kohnert, 2009. "New Nationalism and Development in Africa," Africa Spectrum, Institute of African Affairs, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, vol. 44(1), pages 111-123.
  5. Collier, Paul, 2006. "Is Aid Oil? An Analysis Of Whether Africa Can Absorb More Aid," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1482-1497, September.
  6. Tobias Hagmann & Markus V. Hoehne, 2009. "Failures of the state failure debate: Evidence from the Somali territories," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(1), pages 42-57.
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Cited by:
  1. Armando Barrientos & Daniel Neff, 2011. "Attitudes to Chronic Poverty in the ‘Global Village’," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 100(1), pages 101-114, January.
  2. Karl Hwang, 2010. "Measuring Geopolitical Power in India: A Review of the National Security Index (NSI)," GIGA Working Paper Series 136, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
  3. Miriam Shabafrouz, 2010. "Fuel for Conflict or Balm for Peace? Assessing the Effects of Hydrocarbons on Peace Efforts in Algeria," GIGA Working Paper Series 132, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.

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