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Innovation Determinants in Emerging Countries: An Empirical Study at the Tunisian Firms level

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  • Gabsi, Foued
  • Mhenni, Hatem
  • Koouba, Karim

Abstract

Explaining why some firms innovate and some others do not is an out-of-date challenge in the economic literature. In developing countries context, such exercise is even more complicated by the nature of the innovation (incremental, occasional and rarely continuous and structured). In this paper, an exploratory tentative logistic regression is presented based on an Innovation survey on Tunisian firms. With regard to the results on the two "traditional" determinants of innovation which are the size of firms and the market structure, the main findings of this work are the following: econometric estimations have put forward the existence of an inverted "U" type relationship between decision to innovate and these two variables. On the other hand, it seems that neither skills of workers nor public incentives were significant to explain the innovation behaviour of Tunisian firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17940.

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Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision: 2008
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17940

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Related research

Keywords: Industry dynamics; Innovation systems; Development economics; Sectoral systems of innovation;

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References

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  1. Johnson, Joanne & Baldwin, John R., 1995. "Business Strategies in Innovative and Non-innovative Firms in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995073e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  2. Cohen, Wesley M & Klepper, Steven, 1996. "A Reprise of Size and R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 925-51, July.
  3. Scherer, F. M., 1983. "The propensity to patent," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 107-128, March.
  4. Cohen, Wesley M & Klepper, Steven, 1996. "Firm Size and the Nature of Innovation within Industries: The Case of Process and Product R&D," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(2), pages 232-43, May.
  5. Richard C. Levin & Alvin K. Klevorick & Richard R. Nelson & Sidney G. Winter, 1987. "Appropriating the Returns from Industrial Research and Development," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 18(3), pages 783-832.
  6. Evenson, Robert E. & Westphal, Larry E., 1995. "Technological change and technology strategy," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 37, pages 2209-2299 Elsevier.
  7. Petri Rouvinen, 2002. "R&D-Productivity Dynamics: Causality, Lags, and "Dry Holes"," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 123-156, May.
  8. Arvanitis, Rigas & Mhenni, Hatem, 2008. "Innovation policies in the context of North-Africa: new trends in Morroco and Tunisia," MPRA Paper 17939, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Cited by:
  1. Mhenni, Hatem & Ben Youssef, Adel & Elaheebocus, N & Ragni, Ludovic, 2013. "Are Technoparks High Tech Fantasies? Lessons from the Tunisian Experience," MPRA Paper 46183, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2013.
  2. Arvanitis, Rigas & Mhenni, Hatem, 2008. "Innovation policies in the context of North-Africa: new trends in Morroco and Tunisia," MPRA Paper 17939, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Arvanitis, Rigas & M'HENNI, Hatem & Tsipouri, Lena, 2009. "Y a-t-il une gouvernance des systèmes d’innovation dans les pays d’Afrique du Nord et du Moyen-Orient?
    [Is there any NSI governance in MENA region]
    ," MPRA Paper 27539, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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