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Economic Implications of Intellectual Property Rights for the Biotechnology Sector: A Comparative Analysis of the European-Japanese Situations

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  • Gilroy, Bernard Michael
  • Brandes, Wolfgang
  • Vollpert, Tobias

Abstract

Under the assumption of similar general legal environments, the following analysis suggests that a strategy of confidential secrecy in R&D is less significant for Japanese enterprises. Founded upon this difference the amount of patent induced information disclosure effects for Japan is not as essential as it is for Europe. Consequently, the blockade effect in Japan is comparatively dominant, i.e. in Japan the negative aspects of patent protection effect the system more immediately. Thus, one might argue that less patent protection is more fruitful for Japan. Given this analysis, the current endeavours of the USA, the European Union and Japan to harmonize patent legislation for the biotechnology sector appears to be flawed.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17680.

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Date of creation: May 2003
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17680

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Keywords: Patent; biotechnology; international harmonization;

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  1. Gilbert, R. & Shapiro, C., 1988. "Optimal Patent Length And Breadth," Papers 28, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Discussion Paper.
  2. James Bessen & Eric Maskin, 2006. "Sequential Innovation, Patents, and Imitation," Economics Working Papers 0025, Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science.
  3. Bernard Gilroy & Tobias Volpert, 2002. "Economic insights and deficits in European biotechnology patent policy," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 37(3), pages 150-155, May.
  4. Zucker, Lynne G & Darby, Michael R & Brewer, Marilynn B, 1998. "Intellectual Human Capital and the Birth of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 290-306, March.
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