A Decade of Economics Reforms: Whither Employment?
AbstractEmployment creation and wage security have been primary goals of developing countries. The present paper analyses the wage-employment scenario in India in the post-reform period. The workforce structure is exhibiting upward mobility across wage classes, moving towards regular employment, and shifting in favour of tertiary sector jobs – the pace decelerating in the second half of the study period. Thus expansion of employment has not been as distress a phenomenon as often apprehended. There is a shift of middle wage level jobs from regular to casual employment, leading to declining inequality among casual workers and increased inequality among regulars. However, availability of mandays is decreasing, especially among casual workers. Perhaps jobs are continuously and decisively getting transformed from regular to casual employment and then being outsourced to the self-employeds. Increasing disparity between workers of High and Low Income States, and between White collar and Blue Collar occupations are concerns that need to be addressed. Creating more mandays of work and facilitating capacity building through education and skill formation should be the policy focus.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 12753.
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision: Mar 2008
Employment; Wages; Reforms; Inequality;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
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- Puja Vasudeva Dutta, 2005. "Accounting for Wage Inequality in India," PRUS Working Papers 29, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.
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