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Spatial Accessibility Of Health Care In Indiana

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Author Info

  • Eda UNAL

    ()

  • Susan E. CHEN

    ()

  • Brigitte S. WALDORF

    ()
    (Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Purdue University)

Abstract

Healthy populations and access to health care services are significant factors influencing economic development and prosperity. Since geographic access is an essential feature of an overall health system, it is important for health service researchers to develop accurate measures of physical access to health. In this paper we develop a series of gravity-based health care accessibility measures for all the counties in Indiana. The measures go beyond local availability of health care services within a county and account for travel impedance via distance-discounted health care services accessible throughout the state. When applied to Indiana counties, the results show sharp disparities in health care accessibility with extensive pockets of poor accessibility in rural and peripheral areas. The research concludes with a demonstration of how spatial accessibility measures can be beneficially used to evaluate of policies indicative of changes in the provision of health services.

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File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/7329/2/wp070007.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics in its series Working Papers with number 07-07.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pae:wpaper:07-07

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Related research

Keywords: spatial accessibility; health care; geographic information systems (GIS);

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Cited by:
  1. Gerson Javier Pérez V., 2013. "Accesibilidad geográfica y equidad en la prestación del servicio de salud: un estudio de caso para Barranquilla," Borradores de Economia 770, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Gerson Javier Pérez Valbuena, 2013. "Barranquilla: avances recientes en sus indicadores socioeconómicos, y logros en la accesibilidad geográfica a la red pública hospitalaria," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 010766, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.

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