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Barranquilla: avances recientes en sus indicadores socioeconómicos, y logros en la accesibilidad geográfica a la red pública hospitalaria

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  • Gerson Javier Pérez Valbuena

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Abstract

This paper reviews recent developments in the socioeconomic indicators of Barranquilla, with special emphasis on measures of geographical accessibility and equity in health service provision. During the last decade, Barranquilla achieved a significant progress in terms of reducing unemployment, and the reorganization of public finances. Additionally, the new health provision model brought closer to the population the public health network. The most pressing challenges of the city for the coming years are to continue with the reduction of poverty and violence, and the improvement of the quality of education. RESUMEN: En este documento se analiza la evolución reciente de los indicadores socioeconómicos de Barranquilla, haciendo especial énfasis en los indicadores de accesibilidad geográfica y equidad en la prestación del servicio de salud. Durante la última década Barranquilla logró un avance significativo en la reducción del desempleo y la reorganización de sus finanzas públicas. Adicionalmente, el nuevo modelo de prestación de los servicios de salud logró acercar más a la población a la red pública hospitalaria. Los retos más urgentes de la ciudad para los próximos años son continuar con la reducción de la pobreza, reducir las altas tasas de homicidios, y avanzar en el mejoramiento en la calidad de la educación.

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Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL in its series DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL with number 010766.

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Date of creation: 26 May 2013
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Handle: RePEc:col:000102:010766

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  1. Andrea Otero Cortés, 2010. "Superando la crisis: Las finanzas públicas de Barranquilla, 2000-2009," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 007782, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  2. David Albouy, 2008. "Are Big Cities Bad Places to Live? Estimating Quality of Life across Metropolitan Areas," NBER Working Papers 14472, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Luis Armando Galvis, 2011. "Geografía del déficit de vivienda urbano: Los casos de Barranquilla y Soledad," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 008046, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  4. Rosero-Bixby, Luis, 2004. "Spatial access to health care in Costa Rica and its equity: a GIS-based study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 58(7), pages 1271-1284, April.
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  6. María Aguilera Díaz, 2013. "Bucaramanga: capital humano y crecimiento económico," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 010392, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  7. Wei Luo & Fahui Wang, 2003. "Measures of spatial accessibility to health care in a GIS environment: synthesis and a case study in the Chicago region," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(6), pages 865-884, November.
  8. Eda UNAL & Susan E. CHEN & Brigitte S. WALDORF, 2007. "Spatial Accessibility Of Health Care In Indiana," Working Papers 07-07, Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  9. Gyourko, Joseph & Tracy, Joseph, 1991. "The Structure of Local Public Finance and the Quality of Life," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(4), pages 774-806, August.
  10. Jaime Bonet, 2007. "La terciarización de las estructuras económicas regionales en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  11. Leonardo Bonilla Mejía, 2010. "El sector industrial en Barranquilla en el siglo XXI: ¿Cambian finalmente las tendencias?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL 007812, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
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