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The Land Transport Sector: Policy and Performance

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  • Jan Persson
  • Daeho Song
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    Abstract

    This paper provides a broad overview of policy goals and instruments and commonly used performance and policy indicators related to land transport. Two policy aspects, infrastructure investment and externalities, are explored in more depth. A review of planning and decision making in individual countries reveal significant variations between countries as regards how cost-benefit analysis affect decision making about infrastructure investment. There is scope for improvements in the use of cost-benefit analysis. Estimates of external costs for fifteen European Union countries are provided, together with estimates on the extent of pricing to internalise external costs. Fuel taxes amounted to around 2% of GDP in 2000, roughly corresponding to estimated external costs related to environmental and health effects. There is a potential to reduce congestion by introducing congestion charges. This can be done in a revenue-neutral manner by transforming existing vehicle taxes and road tolls. Transports terrestres : Politiques et performances On trouvera dans ce document de travail un large aperçu des objectifs, des instruments d’action et des indicateurs couramment utilisés pour évaluer les performances et les politiques dans le secteur des transports terrestres. Deux aspects, les investissements en infrastructures et les externalités, sont étudiés de façon plus approfondie. Un examen de la planification et de la prise de décision dans les différents pays fait apparaître des différences très marquées quant au degré auquel l’analyse coûts-avantages influe sur les décisions concernant les investissements en infrastructures. L’utilisation de l’analyse coûts-avantages pourrait être grandement améliorée. Les coûts externes pour 15 pays de l’Union européenne sont estimés, de même que le rôle de la tarification dans l’internalisation des coûts externes. Les taxes sur les carburants représentaient environ 2 % du PIB en 2000, ce qui correspond à peu près aux coûts externes estimés pour l’environnement et la santé. Il serait possible de réduire les encombrements en les taxant. Une solution neutre du point de vue des recettes consisterait à transformer les taxes sur les automobiles et les péages routiers actuellement en vigueur.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5km3702v78d6-en
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 817.

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    Date of creation: 23 Nov 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:817-en

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    Keywords: cost-benefit analysis; infrastructure investment; Transport policy and performance; pricing of externalities; analyse coûts-avantages; investissement dans les infrastructures; Politique des transports et performance des transports; tarification des externalités;

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    Cited by:
    1. Robert P. Hagemann, 2012. "Fiscal Consolidation: Part 6. What Are the Best Policy Instruments for Fiscal Consolidation?," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 937, OECD Publishing.

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