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The Macroeconomic Consequences of Banking Crises in OECD Countries

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  • David Haugh
  • Patrice Ollivaud
  • David Turner
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the characteristics of downturns and subsequent recoveries following past banking crises in OECD countries as well as evidence of any effects on potential output growth. It is differentiated from previous analyses because it makes use of OECD measures of the output gap and potential output. Downturns following banking crises are found to be more protracted with larger output losses and disproportionate falls in housing and business investment. The recovery is typically more muted with exports providing a disproportionately large positive contribution. Evidence regarding possible effects on potential growth of a banking crisis is mixed. The banking crisis in Japan was followed by a deterioration in potential growth partly due to a worsening in productivity performance which may be related to the protracted nature of the banking problems and the resulting misallocation of capital. Following the Nordic banking crises, which were resolved more quickly, there was no deterioration in productivity performance, although there was a temporary deterioration in potential growth which is mostly explained by an increase in the structural unemployment rate, which in turn may reflect the interaction of an exceptionally severe downturn with structural labour market rigidities. Conséquences macroéconomiques des crises bancaires dans les pays de l'OCDE Ce papier analyse, dans le contexte des crises bancaires passées des pays de l’OCDE, les caractéristiques des ralentissements économiques et de la reprise qui suit, ainsi que de mettre en évidence de possibles effets sur la croissance du potentiel de production. Cette étude se différencie des précédentes par l’utilisation de l’écart de production et du potentiel de l’économie. Les ralentissements qui font suite à une crise bancaire semblent durer plus longtemps avec des pertes plus importantes et avec une réaction négative de l’investissement privé disproportionnée. Le rythme de la reprise est plus modéré et se caractérise par des contributions fortement positives des exportations. Les résultats de l’analyse des conséquences des crises bancaires sur le potentiel de l’économie sont mitigés. La crise bancaire au Japon a affecté négativement le potentiel de production via une baisse de la productivité du travail. Cela peut être relié à la durée des problèmes bancaires qui ont touché le Japon et de leurs conséquences néfastes sur l’allocation du capital. Dans le cas des crises bancaires des pays nordiques qui ont duré moins longtemps, il n’y a pas eu d’effets sur la productivité, bien que temporairement le potentiel ait baissé ce qui provient principalement d’une augmentation du taux de chômage structurel. Cette dernière relation peut refléter l’interaction entre d’une part un ralentissement exceptionnellement sévère et d’autre part des rigidités structurelles sur le marché du travail.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 683.

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    Date of creation: 06 Mar 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:683-en

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    Keywords: potential output; output gap; financial crisis; banking crisis; downturn; business cycle; crise financière; écart de production; cycle économique; croissance potentielle; crise bancaire; ralentissement économique;

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    Cited by:
    1. Xavier Timbeau, 2013. "Le commencement de la déflation : perspectives 2013-2014," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6, Sciences Po.
    2. Verick, Sher, 2009. "Who Is Hit Hardest during a Financial Crisis? The Vulnerability of Young Men and Women to Unemployment in an Economic Downturn," IZA Discussion Papers 4359, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Park, Cyn-Young & Majuca, Ruperto & Yap, Josef, 2010. "The 2008 Financial Crisis and Potential Output in Asia: Impact and Policy Implications," Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration 45, Asian Development Bank.
    4. Rasmus Kattai, 2010. "Credit risk model for the Estonian banking sector," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2010-01, Bank of Estonia, revised 04 Feb 2010.
    5. Marion Cochard & Mathieu Plane & Danielle Schweisguth, 2013. "PIB, déficit, dette, chômage : où vont les économies à moyen terme," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7o52iohb7k6, Sciences Po.
    6. Davide Furceri & Annabelle Mourougane, 2009. "The Effect of Financial Crises on Potential Output: New Empirical Evidence from OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 699, OECD Publishing.
    7. Abdul Abiad & Petya Koeva Brooks & Irina Tytell & Daniel Leigh & Ravi Balakrishnan, 2009. "What’s the Damage? Medium-term Output Dynamics After Banking Crises," IMF Working Papers 09/245, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Chetouane, Mabrouk & Lemoine, Matthieu & De la Serve, Marie-Elisabeth, 2011. "Impact de la crise sur la croissance potentielle. Une approche par les modèles à composantes inobservables," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6706, Paris Dauphine University.
    9. Burkhard Heer & Stefan Franz Schubert, 2011. "Unemployment and Debt Dynamics in a Highly Indebted Small Open Economy," CESifo Working Paper Series 3497, CESifo Group Munich.
    10. Péter Halmai & Viktória Vásáry, 2012. "Convergence crisis: economic crisis and convergence in the European Union," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 297-322, September.
    11. Lemoine, M. & de la Serve, M.E. & Chetouane, M., 2011. "Impact of the crisis on potential growth: An approach based on unobserved component models (in french)," Working papers 331, Banque de France.
    12. J.-C. Bricongne & J.-M. Fournier & V. Lapègue & O. Monso, 2011. "From the financial crisis to the economic crisis The impact of the financial trouble of 2007-2008 on the growth of seven advanced countries," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2011-05, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
    13. Igor Lebrun, 2011. "Working Paper 08-11 - What has been the damage of the financial crisis to Belgian GDP? An assessment based on the FPB’s medium-term outlook," Working Papers 1108, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.
    14. Marcello M. Estevão & Evridiki Tsounta, 2010. "Canada's Potential Growth: Another Victim of the Crisis?," IMF Working Papers 10/13, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Annabelle Mourougane & Davide Furceri, 2010. "Une lecture de la crise à la lumière des crises passées," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 438(1), pages 19-42.
    16. Rasmus Kattai, 2010. "Potential output and the output gap in Estonia - a macro model based evalutaion," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2010-03, Bank of Estonia, revised 11 Feb 2010.
    17. Schubert, Stefan F., 2011. "The effects of total factor productivity and export shocks on a small open economy with unemployment," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 1514-1530, September.
    18. Rasmus Kattai, 2010. "Estonia's potential growth revisited," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 10(2), pages 63-78, December.
    19. Tesfaselassie, Mewael F., 2013. "Trend productivity growth and the government spending multiplier," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 197-207.

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