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Raising the Flexibility of the Slovak Economy during the Catch-Up Phase

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  • Isabell Koske

Abstract

As in other catch-up countries inflation is likely to stay high going forward due to nominal convergence. To better cope with the risk of a too rapid pick up of wages during the convergence process on the one hand and to raise the adjustment potential of the economy to macroeconomic shocks on the other, labour and product market flexibility is essential. Three main areas for improvement are discussed in this chapter. First, wage flexibility should be safeguarded by avoiding significant increases in minimum wages and by abolishing legal extension of collective wage settlements. Second, competition needs to be strengthened, especially in the liberal professions where entry and conduct regulation should be eased. In addition, the points of single contact that already exist for small enterprises should be extended to entrepreneurs of the liberal professions. Third, a wider use of information and communication technology (ICT) could lead to important productivity gains. Removing obstacles to the spread of e-business and a swift implementation of e-government are imperative. This Working Paper relates to the 2009 OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic. Accroître la flexibilité de l'économie slovaque durant la phase de rattrapage Comme dans les autres pays en phase de rattrapage, l’inflation devrait rester élevée à l’avenir sous l’effet du phénomène de convergence nominale. Pour mieux parer aux risques d’augmentation trop rapide des salaires au cours du processus de convergence, d’une part, et pour accroître les possibilités d’ajustement de l’économie aux chocs macroéconomiques, d’autre part, il est indispensable que le marché du travail et les marchés de produits soient flexibles. On examinera dans ce chapitre les trois principaux domaines où des améliorations devraient être réalisées. Premièrement, il faudrait préserver la flexibilité des salaires en évitant de fortes hausses du salaire minimum et en mettant fin à l’extension des conventions collectives salariales. Deuxièmement, la concurrence doit être renforcée, surtout dans les professions libérales, où il faudrait assouplir l’entrée et les conditions d’exercice. De plus, il serait souhaitable d’étendre aux professions libérales les guichets uniques qui existent déjà pour les petites entreprises. Troisièmement, la productivité pourrait sensiblement progresser si on utilisait plus largement les technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC). Il est impératif de supprimer les obstacles à la diffusion du commerce électronique et de mettre en placer rapidement l’administration électronique. Ce Document de travail se rapporte à l’Étude économique de l’OCDE de la République slovaque 2009.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/226268184666
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 680.

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Date of creation: 06 Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:680-en

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Keywords: nominal convergence; Slovak Republic; labour market flexibility; product market flexibility; République slovaque; flexibilité du marché du travail; convergence nominale; flexibilité du marché des biens;

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