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The Japanese Open-End Fund Puzzle

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  • Stephen J. Brown
  • William N. Goetzmann
  • Takato Hiraki
  • Toshiyuki Otsuki
  • Noriyoshi Shiraishi

Abstract

Recent empirical evidence has suggested that the Japanese mutual fund industry has" underperformed dramatically over the past two decades. Conjectured reasons for" underperformance range from tax-dilution effects to high fees, high turnover and poor asset" management. In this paper, we show that this underperformance is largely due to tax-dilution" effects, and not necessarily to poor management. Using a broad database of funds which" includes investment trusts closed to new investment, we show that once an instrument for the" time-varying tax-dilution exposure is included in a factor model, there is little evidence of poor" risk-adjusted performance. A style analysis of the industry demonstrates that managers appear to" pursue tax-driven dynamic strategies.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 6347.

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Date of creation: Jan 1998
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Publication status: published as Brown, Stephen J, et al, 2001. "The Japanese Open-End Fund Puzzle," Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74(1), pages 59-77, January.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:6347

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Cited by:
  1. Capocci, Daniel & Hubner, Georges, 2004. "Analysis of hedge fund performance," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 55-89, January.
  2. Alexakis, Christos & Dasilas, Apostolos & Grose, Chris, 2013. "Asymmetric dynamic relations between stock prices and mutual fund units in Japan. An application of hidden cointegration technique," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 1-8.
  3. Cha, Heung-Joo & Kim, Jaebeom, 2010. "Stock returns and investment trust flows in the Japanese financial market: A system approach," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 327-332, August.
  4. Tanaka, Hiroatsu & Baba, Naohiko, 2004. "Optimal Timing in Trading Japanese Equity Mutual Funds: Theory and Evidence," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 22(1), pages 91-121, March.
  5. Steven J. Brown & William N. Goetzmann & Takato Hiraki & Niroyoshi Shiraishi & Masahiro Watanabe, 2002. "Investor Sentiment in Japanese and U.S. Daily Mutual Fund Flows," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm24, Yale School of Management.
  6. Oh, Natalie Y. & Parwada, Jerry T., 2007. "Relations between mutual fund flows and stock market returns in Korea," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 140-151, April.
  7. Engstrom, Stefan, 2003. "Costly information, diversification and international mutual fund performance," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 463-482, September.
  8. Khorana, Ajay & Servaes, Henri & Tufano, Peter, 2005. "Explaining the size of the mutual fund industry around the world," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 145-185, October.

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