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Alcohol Consumption During Prohibition

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  • Jeffrey A. Miron
  • Jeffrey Zwiebel

Abstract

We estimate the consumption of alcohol during Prohibition using mortality, mental health and crime statistics. We find that alcohol consumption fell sharply at the beginning of Prohibition, to approximately 30 percent of its pre-Prohibition level. During the next several years, however, alcohol consumption increased sharply, to about 60-70 percent of its pre-prohibition level. The level of consumption was virtually the same immediately after Prohibition as during the latter part of Prohibition, although consumption increased to approximately its pre-Prohibition level during the subsequent decade.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 3675.

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Date of creation: Apr 1991
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Publication status: published as The American Economic Review, Vol. 81, No. 2, pp. 242-247, (May 1991).
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:3675

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  1. Whitney K. Newey & Kenneth D. West, 1986. "A Simple, Positive Semi-Definite, Heteroskedasticity and AutocorrelationConsistent Covariance Matrix," NBER Technical Working Papers 0055, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Ornstein, Stanley I & Hanssens, Dominique M, 1985. " Alcohol Control Laws and the Consumption of Distilled Spirits and Beer," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(2), pages 200-213, September.
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Cited by:
  1. James A. Roumasset, 1996. "Prohibition vs. Taxification: Drug Control Policy in the USA," Working Papers, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics 199608, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  2. Dills, Angela K. & Jacobson, Mireille & Miron, Jeffrey A., 2005. "The effect of alcohol prohibition on alcohol consumption: evidence from drunkenness arrests," Economics Letters, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 279-284, February.
  3. Nicholas Snow, 2011. "Daniel Okrent, book review of Last Call: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 451-454, December.
  4. Auriol, A. & Mesnard, A., 2013. "Sale of visas: a smuggler's final song?," Working Papers, Department of Economics, City University London 13/06, Department of Economics, City University London.
  5. Jeffrey A. Miron & Jeffrey Zwiebel, 1995. "The Economic Case against Drug Prohibition," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 9(4), pages 175-192, Fall.
  6. H. Naci Mocan & Hope Corman, 2000. "A Time-Series Analysis of Crime, Deterrence, and Drug Abuse in New York City," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(3), pages 584-604, June.
  7. James A Roumasset, 2000. "Black-Hole Security," Working Papers, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics 200005, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  8. Skott, Peter & Thorlund Jepsen, Gunnar, 2002. "Paradoxical effects of drug policy in a model with imperfect competition and switching costs," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 48(4), pages 335-354, August.
  9. Cho, Seo-Young & Dreher, Axel & Neumayer, Eric, 2013. "Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 67-82.
  10. Jeffrey A. Miron, 1999. "The Effect of Alcohol Prohibition on Alcohol Consumption," NBER Working Papers 7130, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Ciro Biderman & João Manoel Pinho de Mello & Alexandre A Schneider, 2006. "Dry law and homicides: evidence from the São Paulo metropolitan area," Textos para discussão, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil) 518, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil), revised Oct 2008.
  12. Ruth Dupré, 2004. "The Prohibition of Alcohol Revisited: the US Case in International Perspective," Cahiers de recherche 04-11, HEC Montréal, Institut d'économie appliquée.
  13. Beenstock, Michael & Rahav, Giora, 2002. "Testing Gateway Theory: do cigarette prices affect illicit drug use?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 679-698, July.
  14. Chu, C. Y. Cyrus & Wang, C., 1998. "Economy of specialization and diseconomy of externalities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 249-261, June.
  15. Luijk, E.W. & Ours, J.C., 1993. "How to control drugs : the lessons from the 'Opiumregie' in the Dutch East Indies (1894-1940)," Serie Research Memoranda, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics 0030, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.

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