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How Do Laffer Curves Differ Across Countries?

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  • Mathias Trabandt
  • Harald Uhlig

Abstract

We seek to understand how Laffer curves differ across countries in the US and the EU-14, thereby providing insights into fiscal limits for government spending and the service of sovereign debt. As an application, we analyze the consequences for the permanent sustainability of current debt levels, when interest rates are permanently increased e.g. due to default fears. We build on the analysis in Trabandt and Uhlig (2011) and extend it in several ways. To obtain a better fit to the data, we allow for monopolistic competition as well as partial taxation of pure profit income. We update the sample to 2010, thereby including recent increases in government spending and their fiscal consequences. We provide new tax rate data. We conduct an analysis for the pessimistic case that the recent fiscal shifts are permanent. We include a cross-country analysis on consumption taxes as well as a more detailed investigation of the inclusion of human capital considerations for labor taxation.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17862.

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Date of creation: Feb 2012
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Publication status: published as How Do Laffer Curves Differ across Countries? , Mathias Trabandt, Harald Uhlig. in Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis , Alesina and Giavazzi. 2013
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17862

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Cited by:
  1. Liliana Bunescu & Carmen Comaniciu, 2013. "Graphical Analysis Of Laffer'S Theory For European Union Member States," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 2, pages 16-23, April.
  2. Murat Üngör, 2014. "Average effective tax rates on consumption for Turkey: New data and a comparative analysis," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(1), pages 567-580.
  3. Henning Bohn, 2013. "Low Altruism, Austerity, and Aversion to Default: Are Countries Converging to the Natural Debt Limit?," CESifo Working Paper Series 4270, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Lees, Kirdan, 2013. "Fighting fit? Assessing New Zealand’s fiscal sustainability," NZIER Working Paper 2013/5, New Zealand Institute of Economic Research.

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