Children Left Behind: The Effects of Statewide Job Loss on Student Achievement
AbstractWe examine effects of state-level job losses on student achievement. Losses to 1% of the working-age population decrease eighth-grade math scores by .076 standard deviations, with consistently negative but less precise effects on eighth-grade reading and on fourth-grade math and reading. Effects are 34 times larger than found when comparing students with displaced parents to otherwise similar students, suggesting that downturns affect all students, not just those whose parents lose employment. Evidence is inconsistent with a “downward spiral of behavior” or reduced school funding as causal mechanisms; rather, reduced income and increased distress likely inhibit performance. States experiencing displacement of 1% of workers likely see an 8% increase in schools missing No Child Left Behind requirements.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17104.
Date of creation: Jun 2011
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-06-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2011-06-11 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2011-06-11 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- William Darity, 2013. "From Here to Full Employment," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 115-120, June.
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