Are Gangs an Alternative to Legitimate Employment? Investigating the Impact of Labor Market Effects on Gang Affiliation
AbstractThis paper adds to the literature estimates of local labor market effects on gang participation. I use data from the 1997 cohort of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97) to model the probability of gang involvement. The effect of the local unemployment rate is statistically significant and positive, across a wide-range of model specifications. However, robustness checks reveal gang participation of individuals less than sixteen years-of-age (the legal minimum age for most jobs) is not responsive to the local unemployment rate. Gang participation among individuals with lower ASVAB scores is more sensitive to the local unemployment rate.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Middle Tennessee State University, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers with number 200711.
Date of creation: Aug 2007
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Web page: http://www.mtsu.edu/~berc/working/Economics_Working_Papers.html
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gang participation; NLSY; intelligence; unemployment;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General
- J19 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Other
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-08-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-REG-2007-08-18 (Regulation)
- NEP-SOC-2007-08-18 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
- NEP-URE-2007-08-18 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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