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Labour market uncertainties for the young workforce in France and Germany : Implications for family formation and fertility

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  • Marie-Thérèse Letablier

    ()
    (Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne et INED)

  • Anne Salles

    ()
    (Université Paris-Sorbonne et INED)

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    Abstract

    This contribution to the Gusto research project for the European 7th framework programme (Work Package 3 : individual pathways to Flexibility and Sustainability) examines how employment uncertainty during the transition into the labour force differently impacts family formation in Germany and France. Based on a qualitative survey with young men and women in age of being parents, the paper explores how the individuals manage with uncertainty and economic insecurity to finalize their reproduction projects. The paper therefore contributes to an understanding of the contrasted fertility patterns in the two countries. It highlights variations in the perception of insecurity related in particular to differences in gender conventions and their related incidence on family patterns in the two countries. The paper also highlights the contrasted impact of trust in family policies, especially in their ability to secure individuals transitions.

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    File URL: ftp://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2013/13004.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number 13004.

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    Length: 62 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2013
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:13004

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    Keywords: Family formation; fertility decisions; economic insecurity; labour market uncertainty; precariousness.;

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    References

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    1. Christian Schmitt, 2008. "Gender-Specific Effects of Unemployment on Family Formation: A Cross-National Perspective," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 127, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    2. Gilles Pison, 2010. "France 2009 : l’âge moyen à la maternité atteint 30 ans," Population et Sociétés 465, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    3. Emma Davie & Magali Mazuy, 2010. "Fécondité et niveau d'études des femmes en France à partir des enquêtes annuelles de recensement," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 65(3), pages 475-511.
    4. Berkay Özcan & Karl Ulrich Mayer & Joerg Luedicke, 2010. "The impact of unemployment on the transition to parenthood," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 23(29), pages 807-846, October.
    5. Anne Salles & Clémentine Rossier & Sara Brachet, 2010. "Understanding the long term effects of family policies on fertility: The diffusion of different family models in France and Germany," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 22(34), pages 1057-1096, June.
    6. France Prioux & Magali Mazuy, 2009. "L'évolution démographique récente en France : dix ans pour le pacs, plus d'un million de contractants," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 64(3), pages 445-494.
    7. Angela Luci & Olivier Thévenon, 2010. "Does economic development drive the fertility rebound in oecd countries ?," Working Papers 167, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    8. France Prioux, 2007. "L'évolution démographique récente en France : la fécondité à son plus haut niveau depuis plus de trente ans," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 62(3), pages 489-531.
    9. Angelika Tölke & Martin Diewald, 2003. "Insecurities in employment and occupational careers and their impact on the transition to fatherhood in Western Germany," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 9(3), pages 41-68, September.
    10. Karl Brenke, 2010. "Fachkräftemangel kurzfristig noch nicht in Sicht," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(46), pages 2-15.
    11. Alícia Adserà, 2004. "Changing fertility rates in developed countries. The impact of labor market institutions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 17-43, February.
    12. Melinda Mills & Katia Begall & Letizia Mencarini & Maria Letizia Tanturri, 2008. "Gender equity and fertility intentions in Italy and the Netherlands," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 18(1), pages 1-26, February.
    13. Ariane Pailhé & Anne Solaz, 2011. "Does job insecurity cause missing births in a high fertility European country ? Evidence for France," Working Papers 169, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    14. Gilles Pison, 2011. "Deux enfants par femme dans la France de 2010 : la fécondité serait-elle insensible à la crise économique ?," Population et Sociétés 476, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
    15. Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2005. "Economic uncertainty and fertility postponement: evidence from German panel data," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2005-034, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    16. France Prioux & Magali Mazuy & Magali Barbieri, 2010. "L'évolution démographique récente en France : les adultes vivent moins souvent en couple," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 65(3), pages 421-474.
    17. Gilles Pison, 2009. "France 2008 : pourquoi le nombre de naissances continue-t-il d’augmenter ?," Population et Sociétés 454, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).
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