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La transition des jeunes camerounais vers le marché du travail

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  • Delphine Boutin

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

Abstract

Cette étude vise à analyser le processus d’entrée sur le marché du travail au Cameroun, et la durée de transition de l’école au travail pour les jeunes scolarisés. Nous examinons ces deux modes de transition vers le marché du travail : du système scolaire ou bien de l’inactivité (ou de l’éducation informelle) vers le monde du travail. Nous utilisons pour cela un indicateur synthétique de la transition école-travail. Pour les jeunes intégrant directement la force de travail, l’âge moyen d’accès à un premier emploi est examiné. Une attention particulière est portée sur la situation du marché du travail des jeunes ainsi que sur les facteurs clés capables d’influencer cette situation (tels que l’accumulation du capital humain). A l’aide la méthode du maximum de vraisemblance, nous utilisons un modèle probit univarié de la probabilité d’accéder à un emploi, par niveau d’éducation. Pour cette analyse, nous utilisons les données de l’enquête ECAM3, conduite en 2007 par l’Institut national de statistique (INS) au Cameroun. Les résultats suggèrent que la transition Ecole-travail au Cameroun cache d’immenses disparités entre les individus. D’autre part, les caractéristiques individuelles (le genre, le milieu de résidence, le statut marital, le statut de migration..) et celles du marché local semblent influencer la probabilité d’accéder à un emploi. L’un des apports importants de cette étude est de mettre en lumière les spécificités du marché du travail des jeunes en fonction de leur niveau d’éducation. This study aims to analyze the process of labor market entry in Cameroon and, for those who attended school, the duration of the transition from school to work. The transition to work can take two routes, through the schooling system or from inactivity (or informal schooling) to the labor force. We examine both routes, in order to identify vulnerable groups. It uses a synthetic indicator in providing an overview of the routes young people take from education to the labor force. For the group transitioning directly to the labor force, the average entry in the labor market is examined. We pay then particular attention to the labor market outcomes of young people and key factors influencing these outcomes, including human capital accumulation. To this purpose, a probit univariate model of the probability of employment by level of education was made. For this analysis, we use 2007 ECAM3 conducted by the National Statistics institute (INS) of Cameroon. Results show large differences in the school-to-work transition process. Moreover, the individuals’ characteristics and the conditions of the local labor market appear to substantially influence the probability of finding employment. One of the most interesting contributions of this study is to highlight youth labor market specificities by education’s level.(Full text in french)

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 152.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:152

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