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Labour Market Networks, Underclasses, and Inequality

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  • Lisa Finneran;
  • Morgan Kelly
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    Abstract

    About half of all vacancies are filled through networks of personal contact. We consider the implications of such labour market networks for inequality. Our central result is that referral networks display threshold behaviour. Above a critical density of referals, qualified workers at all levels of the network are recruited with probability one. Below the threshold, workers low in the hierachy are hired with probability zero: an underclass emerges. Although there is no discrimination, workers with the same distribution of ability at different layers of the network have bery different average incomes, reflecting differences of social capital in the form of labour market contacts.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth in its series Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series with number n660996.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: 1996
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:may:mayecw:n660996

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    Postal: Maynooth, Co. Kildare
    Phone: 353-1-7083728
    Fax: 353-1-7083934
    Web page: http://economics.nuim.ie
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    Keywords: labour market networks; underclasses; inequality;

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