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Secteur culturel, métropolisation et centralités urbaines: le cas de l'Ile-de-France

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  • BAUMONT, Catherine

    ()
    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

  • BOITEUX-ORAIN, Céline

    ()
    (THEMA - CNRS UMR 6049- Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Elevées depuis longtemps au titre de fonctions des places centrales, les activités culturelles se localisent plus massivement et de manière plus diversifiée dans les plus grandes agglomérations, la hiérarchie s'établissant aussi bien à l'échelle d'un pays qu'au sein des territoires plus restreints. Dans ces conditions, l'économie géographique des activités culturelles peut être associée à des schémas de polarisation de type centre-périphérie. Cependant la croissance de ce secteur et la diversité des activités le composant peut amener des modifications dans ce schéma si on se réfère notamment aux recompositions contemporaines des centralités urbaines. L'objectif de cette recherche est d'étudier cette question dans le cas de la région Ile-de-France. Après avoir établi la diversité du secteur culturel et ses relations à la métropolisation des économies, nous avons étudié l'économie géographique des activités culturelles au sein de la région Ile-de-France et ses évolutions entre 1978 et 1997. Nous avons montré que l'économie culturelle francilienne reste dominée par l'identité culturelle parisienne et que les facteurs de recomposition des centralités urbaines n'altèrent pas les logiques de localisation des activités culturelles : si les pôles culturels ne sont pas tous parisiens, ils sont pour la plupart d'entre eux dynamisés par l'économie culturelle parisienne et se localisent directement en périphérie de la capitale. Les fonctions centrales du CBD restent ainsi nettement associées aux activités culturelles supérieures et aucun mouvement de formation de Edge Cultural Cities n'est observé entre 1978 et 1997 en Ile-de-France, phénomène qui contraste alors avec celui observé dans le champ des services supérieurs aux entreprises. / Considered for many centuries as central place functions, more cultural activities of different types locate in the largest cities and are distributed through a hierarchical urban system we could observe at different territorial levels : national level or regional level for example. The economic geography of cultural activities appears then as polarization patterns such as core-periphery patterns. Taking into account the strong economic growth of this sector and the diversity of its activities together with the recent changes in urban patterns, lead us to reconsider the core-periphery hypothesis and we study this question in the case of the Ile-de-France Region between 1978 and 1997. We first established the diversity of the cultural sector and its strong links with the metropolisation process. We showed that the cultural economy of the Ile-de-France Region is strongly dominated by the Parisian cultural identity: even when cultural subcenters were identified, they didn't seem to create cultural agglomeration economies. Moreover, despite the development of urban subcenters and the location of high order services towards peripheral areas, our study showed that high order cultural activities are still central place functions and that the cultural CBD grew between 1978 and 1997.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne in its series LEG - Document de travail - Economie with number 2005-06.

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Length: 62 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2005-06

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Keywords: secteur culturel ; métropolisation ; polarisation ; statistiques spatiales / cultural sector ; metropolisation ; polarization ; spatial statistics;

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  1. Allen J. Scott, 1997. "The Cultural Economy of Cities," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 323-339, 06.
  2. Edward L. Glaeser & Jed Kolko & Albert Saiz, 2000. "Consumer City," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1901, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  3. repec:sae:niesru:v:149:y::i:1:p:30-52 is not listed on IDEAS
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