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Villes et croissance : le cerveau gauche des villes nord-americaines : scientifiques et ingenieurs et croissance urbaine

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Author Info

  • Brown, W. Mark
  • Beckstead, Desmond
  • Gellatly, Guy

Abstract

Le present document traite de la croissance du capital humain dans les villes canadiennes et americaines. A l'aide de donnees regroupees sur 242 centres urbains provenant de recensements de la population, nous evaluons le lien entre la croissance de long terme de l'emploi et l'offre de divers types de main d'oeuvre specialisee. L'etude vise aussi a determiner si les attraits urbains, tels que l'importance du secteur culturel local, exerce une influence sur les capacites scientifiques des villes. Dans la premiere partie de l'etude, nous etudions la contribution de categories generales et specialisees du capital humain a la croissance de long terme de l'emploi. Nous faisons la distinction entre l'ensemble des diplomes occupes (une mesure generale du capital humain) et les diplomes occupes dans les secteurs des sciences et de la culture (mesures specifiques du capital humain). Nos modeles de croissance examinent les variations de long terme de l'emploi urbain de 1980 a 2000, et tiennent compte de l'effet d'autres facteurs dont l'influence sur la croissance des villes a ete postulee. Ces facteurs incluent des estimations des attraits urbains qui servent de mesures indirectes des differences d'attraits entre les regions urbaines. Dans la deuxieme partie de l'etude, nous nous concentrons sur un type particulier de capital humain, a savoir les diplomes occupes dans les professions en sciences et en genie. Nos modeles evaluent les facteurs associes a la croissance de moyen et de long terme de ces professions. Nous nous efforcons tout specialement de debrouiller la relation entre la croissance de l'emploi en sciences et en genie et d'autres formes de capital humain.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Analyse economique in its series L'economie canadienne en transition with number 2008017f.

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Date of creation: 08 Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp1f:2008017f

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Web page: http://www.statcan.gc.ca
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Related research

Keywords: Business performance and ownership; Human resources in science and technology; Innovation; Regional and urban profiles; Science and technology;

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  1. Edward L. Glaeser & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1995. "Economic Growth in a Cross-Section of Cities," NBER Working Papers 5013, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Edward L. Glaeser & Albert Saiz, 2003. "The Rise of the Skilled City," NBER Working Papers 10191, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Edward L. Glaeser & Jed Kolko & Albert Saiz, 2000. "Consumer City," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1901, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  4. John M. Quigley, 1998. "Urban Diversity and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 127-138, Spring.
  5. Jesse M. Shapiro, 2005. "Smart Cities: Quality of Life, Productivity, and the Growth Effects of Human Capital," NBER Working Papers 11615, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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