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Trade, multinational sales, and FDI in a three-factors model

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  • Peter Egger

    ()
    (Austrian Institute of Economic Research)

  • Michael Pfaffermayr

    ()
    (Austrian Institute of Economic Research)

Abstract

The overwhelming importance of multinational activities as well as the coexistence of exporters and multinationals within the developed countries demand for theoretical models which provide a convincing explanation of simultaneous two-way trade and horizontal multinational activities. We present a model with three factors of production to disentangle the twofold importance of headquarters for their affiliates into a know-how and a capital serving part (FDI). Multinationals trade-off the incentives for a high proximity to the market and a concentraion of production facilities. We simulate the model to derive predictions about the impact of trade costs, plant set-up costs, relative country size and factor endowments on the factor prices of labor, human and physical capital on the one hand and three main output variables, exports, multination sales and FDI, on the other. We find that the effects are not uniform for multinational sales and FDI. Hence, one shuld be careful with interpreting the simulation results of previous work for sales as simply holding for FDI as well.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria in its series Economics working papers with number 2000-13.

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Date of creation: Jun 2000
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Handle: RePEc:jku:econwp:2000_13

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Keywords: multinationals; new trade theory; endogenous location;

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Cited by:
  1. Yeboah, Osei-Agyeman & Appiah-Danquah, Gloria, 2012. "Chinese Market Access Barriers of U.S Oilseeds and Grains," 2012 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2012, Birmingham, Alabama 119794, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  2. Badinger Harald & Peter Egger, 2013. "Spacey Parents and Spacey Hosts in FDI," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp154, Vienna University of Economics, Department of Economics.
  3. Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2004. "Distance, trade and FDI: a Hausman-Taylor SUR approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(2), pages 227-246.
  4. Giorgia Giovannetti & Marco Sanfilippo, 2009. "Do Chinese Exports Crowd-out African Goods? An Econometric Analysis by Country and Sector," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(4), pages 506-530, September.
  5. Carmen Fillat Castejón & Joseph F. Francois & Julia Woerz, 2008. "Trade through FDI: investing in services," Documentos de Trabajo dt2008-06, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  6. Fritz Breuss & Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2010. "Structural funds, EU enlargement, and the redistribution of FDI in Europe," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 146(3), pages 469-494, September.
  7. Xu, WeiGuo & Hu, DaiPing & Lei, AiZhong & Shen, HuiZhang, 2008. "FDI chaos and control in China," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 17-28, January.

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