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Do electricity supply constraints matter for comparative advantage? : a neoclassical approach

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  • Sato, Hitoshi

Abstract

This paper examines the extent to which electricity supply constraints could affect sectoral specialization. For this purpose, an empirical trade model is estimated from 1990-2008 panel data on 15 OECD countries and 12 manufacturing sectors. We find that along with Ricardian technological differences and Heckscher-Ohlin factor-endowment differences, productivity-adjusted electricity capacity drives sectoral specialization in several sectors. Among them, electrical equipment, transport equipment, machinery, chemicals, and paper products will see lower output shares as a result of decreases in productivity-adjusted electricity capacity. Furthermore, our dynamic panel estimation reveals that the effects of Ricardian technological differences dominate in the short-run, and factor endowment differences and productivity-adjusted electricity capacity tend to have a significant effect in only the long-run.

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File URL: http://ir.ide.go.jp/dspace/bitstream/2344/1322/1/ARRIDE_Discussion_No.462_sato.pdf
File Function: First version, 2014
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) in its series IDE Discussion Papers with number 462.

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Date of creation: Mar 2014
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Publication status: Published in IDE Discussion Paper. No. 462. 2014.3
Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper462

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Related research

Keywords: Developed countries; Electric power; Manufacturing industries; Technology; Productivity; International trade; Factor endowments; GDP function; Comparative advantage; Electricity;

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  1. Morrow, Peter M., 2010. "Ricardian-Heckscher-Ohlin comparative advantage: Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 137-151, November.
  2. Lorenzo Caliendo & Fernando Parro, 2012. "Estimates of the Trade and Welfare Effects of NAFTA," NBER Working Papers 18508, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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