Why Does the Health of Immigrants Deteriorate? Evidence from Birth Records
AbstractDespite their lower socioeconomic status, Hispanic immigrants in the United States initially have better health outcomes than natives. Paradoxically while second-generation immigrants assimilate socio-economically, their health deteriorates. I show that a model of selection and intergenerational transmission of health reverses the apparent paradox, predicting a worse deterioration than the one observed in the data. While higher incidence of risk factors and acculturation are associated with poorer health, the “reverse paradox” is explained by the relative persistence in healthy behaviors among Hispanics. These effects hold true even in a subset of siblings, and holding constant grandmother-fixed effects.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7588.
Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: Aug 2013
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-09-28 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-09-28 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-HEA-2013-09-28 (Health Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2013-09-28 (Economics of Human Migration)
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- Giuntella, Osea & Mazzonna, Fabrizio, 2014.
"Do Immigrants Bring Good Health?,"
IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
8073, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Osea Giuntella & Fabrizio Mazzonna, 2014. "Do Immigrants Bring Good Health?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 653, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
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