Competitive pressure determinants and innovation at the firm level
AbstractThis paper provides empirical evidence on the relationship between indicators of competitive pressure and innovation incentives using panel data of Spanish manufacturing firms for the period 1990-2006. Instead of using standard indicators of competition, such as market concentration measures or firms’ price costs margins, we analyze a number of indicators of competitive pressure directly related to the demand and cost conditions faced by firms. We consider the likely different incentives faced by firms to undertake product innovation versus process innovation efforts, and estimate a multivariate probit model for the probability of firms to introduce product innovations, process innovations or both. Our results are consistent with the theoretical predictions of Vives (2008) for free entry. We obtain that product market substitutability, entry costs and market size significantly affect the probability to introduce product and process innovations but that the effect of these variables differs among the type of innovation. We also find different effects of competitive pressure on innovation when taking into account the efficiency level of the firm relative to the efficiency distribution within its industry.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2011-02.
Length: 1 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published by Ivie
competitive pressure; cost-reduction; process innovations; demand-enhancing; product innovations; relative efficiency;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
- L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
- L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
- O31 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Wörter, Martin & Rammer, Christian & Arvanitis, Spyros, 2010.
"Innovation, competition and incentives for R&D,"
ZEW Discussion Papers
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- María Rochina-Barrachina & Juan Mañez & Juan Sanchis-Llopis, 2010. "Process innovations and firm productivity growth," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 147-166, February.
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- Pilar Beneito & María E. Rochina-Barrachina & Amparo Sanchis, 2012. "Patents, competition and firms’ innovation incentives," Working Papers 1211, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
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