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El coste y el desequilibrio financiero-actuarial de los sistemas de reparto. El caso del sistema Español

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  • Mar Devesa Carpio

    ()
    (Universitat de València)

  • José E. Devesa Carpio

    (Universitat de València)

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    Abstract

    The present work defines a measure that allows one to determine the actuarial cost of delivering a monetary unit of pension in the case of a pay-as-you-go system. This cost is connected with the system's actuarial viability. The basis is the model used by Devesa & Devesa (2008b) to determine the actuarial imbalance of pay-as-you-go systems. The model is also applied to determining the imbalance and the unitary pension cost of the contributory pension system of the Spanish Social Security system, extending the study to all benefits and all regimes for five consecutive years from 2002 to 2006. Lastly, policy alternatives are presented that would allow the system to be brought back into balance in the sense of equating actuarially the cost to the value of the pension delivered. En el presente trabajo se define una medida que permite determinar, desde el punto de vista actuarial, el coste que supone entregar una unidad monetaria de pensión en el caso de un sistema de reparto, lo cual enlaza con la viabilidad financiero-actuarial del mismo. Para ello se parte del modelo que Devesa y Devesa (2008b) utilizan para determinar el desequilibrio financiero-actuarial de los sistemas de reparto. Además, dicho modelo se aplica para determinar el desequilibrio y el coste por pensión unitaria del sistema contributivo de pensiones de la Seguridad Social española, ampliando el estudio a todas las prestaciones y a todos los regímenes, para cinco años consecutivos desde 2002 hasta 2006. Por último, se presentan distintas alternativas que permitirían reequilibrar el mencionado sistema o, lo que es lo mismo, igualar actuarialmente el coste al valor de la pensión entregada.

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    File URL: http://www.ivie.es/downloads/docs/wpasec/wpasec-2009-09.pdf
    File Function: Fisrt version / Primera version, 2009
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) in its series Working Papers. Serie EC with number 2009-09.

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    Length: 58 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2009
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published by Ivie
    Handle: RePEc:ivi:wpasec:2009-09

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    Keywords: Coste por pensiones; desequilibrio financiero-actuarial; tanto interno de rendimiento; España; viabilidad; Seguridad Social Cost per pension; actuarial imbalance; internal rate of return; Spain; viability; Social Security.;

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    References

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    1. Angel Melguizo & Manuel Balmaseda & David Taguas, 2005. "Las reformas necesarias en el sistema de pensiones contributivas en Espana," Working Papers 0505, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    2. Jagadeesh Gokhale & Kent Smetters, 2005. "Measuring Social Security’s Financial Problems," Working Papers wp093, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
    3. Feldstein, Martin S, 1974. "Social Security, Induced Retirement, and Aggregate Capital Accumulation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(5), pages 905-26, Sept./Oct.
    4. Joan Gil & Guillem López i Casasnovas, . "Redistribution in the Spanish pension system: An approach to its life time effects," Studies on the Spanish Economy 55, FEDEA.
    5. repec:fth:eeccco:110 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Paul van den Noord & Richard Herd, 1993. "Pension Liabilities in the Seven Major Economies," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 142, OECD Publishing.
    7. Juan F. Jimeno & Omar Licandro, 1999. "La tasa interna de rentabilidad y el equilibrio financiero del sistema español de pensiones de jubilación," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 23(1), pages 129-143, January.
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