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Neue Kommunikationstechnologien und Wissenschaft – Veränderungspotentiale und Handlungsoptionen auf dem Weg zur Cyber-Wissenschaft [New communication technologies and science and research -- potentials for change and options for action on the path to cyberscience]

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  • Michael Nentwich

Abstract

This paper gives an overview on the results of a broad research project on the theme information and communication technologies (ICT) in science and research (project "Cyberscience"). Following an introductory presentation of the diffusion of Internet applications in the various academic disciplines, the article discusses on specific aspects of the digitisation of research communication. Among them are role and functional changes and questions of access that are underdiscussed in technology studies so far and that have been not much discussed as regards the sciences. In addition, a number of further themes are outlined, in particular copyright issues and economic questions (decommodification of academic publishing), as well as technical and organisational questions such as archiving and quality control for Internet publications. This amounts to the general conclusion of a system in profound change. In the concluding chapter, these questions are discussed with a view to develop options and necessities for action in Austrian research policy. -- Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die Ergebnisse eines breit angelegten Forschungsprojekts zum Thema Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) in der Wissenschaft (Projekt „Cyber-Wissenschaft“). Nach einer einleitenden Darstellung der zum Teil schon weit fortgeschrittenen Diffusion von Internet-Anwendungen in den verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen werden spezifische Aspekte der Digitalisierung der wissenschaftlichen Kommunikation diskutiert. Dazu zählen zunächst Themen wie der Rollen- und Funktionswandel sowie Zugangsfragen, die bislang in der techniksoziologischen Forschung nur wenig in Hinblick auf die Wissenschaften diskutiert wurden. Dazu kommen auch eine Reihe weiterer Gesichtspunkte, insbesondere (urheber )rechtliche und ökonomische Fragen (Kommerzialisierung des wissenschaftlichen Publikationswesens) ebenso wie technisch-organisatorische Fragen, etwa die Archivierung und die Qualitätssicherung im Zusammenhang mit Internetpublikationen. Dies alles trägt zum Gesamtbefund eines sich in tief greifendem Wandel befindlichen Systems bei. Im abschließenden Kapitel werden die angesprochenen Fragen auf die österreichische Situation bezogen – mit dem Ziel, Handlungsoptionen und notwendigkeiten für die österreichische Forschungspolitik (i.w.S.) herauszuarbeiten.

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File URL: http://epub.oeaw.ac.at/ita/ita-manuscript/ita_03_03.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA) in its series ITA manu:scripts with number 03_03.

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Date of creation: 24 Nov 2003
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Handle: RePEc:ita:itaman:03_03

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Keywords: Cyber-Wissenschaft; Cyberscience; Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien; Information and Communication Technologies; Handlungsoptionen; Policy Options; Internet;

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