Overlapping Generations, Intermediation, and the First Welfare Theorem
AbstractFirst Welfare Theorem fails to hold for standard pure exchange overlapping generations economies because no agent exploits the profit opportunities which can arise from mediating intertemporal trade. This paper modifies the standard economy by introducing an optimizing corporate intermediary which distributes net earnings back to consumer-shareholders. The Pareto inefficient no-trade state, which is a stationary equilibrium for the standard economy, cannot be an equilibrium for this modified "Brokerage Economy" because the intermediary perceives unbounded earnings opportunities. If the intermediary seeks to maximize the minimum dividend per share distributed over time, then there is a unique Pareto effecient stationary equilibrium for the Brokerage Economy.Annotated pointers to related work can be accessed at http://www.econ.iastate.edu/tesfatsi/dehome.htm
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 11185.
Date of creation: 01 Nov 1991
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, November 1991, vol. 15, pp. 325-345
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Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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Other versions of this item:
- Pingle, Mark & Tesfatsion, Leigh, 1991. "Overlapping generations, intermediation, and the First Welfare Theorem," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 325-345, May.
- E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
- E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
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- Mark Pingle & Leigh Tesfatsion, 1993.
"``Active Intermediation in a Monetary Overlapping Generations Economy'',"
9312001, EconWPA, revised 04 Dec 1993.
- Pingle, Mark & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 1998. "Active Intermediation in a Monetary Overlapping Generations Economy," Staff General Research Papers 1954, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Pingle, Mark & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 1998.
"Active Intermediation in Overlapping Generations Economies with Production and Unsecured Debt,"
Staff General Research Papers
1953, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Pingle, Mark & Tesfatsion, Leigh, 1998. "Active Intermediation In Overlapping Generations Economies With Production And Unsecured Debt," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(02), pages 183-212, June.
- Pingle, M. & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 1998. "Active Intermediation in Overlapping Generations Economies with Production and Unsecured Debt," Staff General Research Papers 1228, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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