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Estado de uma Nação: Textos de Apoio - Estado e Economia: Estado e E Crescimento Econômico no Brasil

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  • Regis Bonelli
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    Abstract

    As inter-relações entre estado e economia cobrem diversas áreas de interesse e são de uma variedade tal que desafiam os analistas de diversas disciplinas em qualquer país. Com o risco de deixar de lado faces importantes desta questão, este texto destaca temas macroeconômicos, com foco no Brasil, e faz comparações com outros países. Assim, o presente artigo discute aspectos como os da evolução de médio e longo prazo do nível de atividade, da governança, da presença do estado na economia e do investimento em capital fixo. O Brasil vem, há quase duas décadas, implementando reformas institucionais de cunho econômico, político, social, jurídico e administrativo, com reflexos inegavelmente positivos na atividade econômica, na área social e no exercício da cidadania. Esta tendência está de acordo com as observadas em outros países. Assim como nestes, as reformas são, essencialmente, uma resposta à necessidade de melhorar a eficiência do setor público nos diversos níveis federativos e de aperfeiçoar as bases para o desenvolvimento socioeconômico. No entanto, é importante que os caminhos seguidos não criem distorções ou desincentivo para as atividades privadas, sob o risco de diminuir a eficácia em relação ao crescimento desejado. Contudo, mais recentemente, tem-se observado um arrefecimento no processo de reforma, em razão da dificuldade de consenso no interior do executivo e por parte substancial do legislativo. Ainda assim, a análise do texto seguinte mostrará que a sustentabilidade do crescimento brasileiro depende de reformas e medidas de políticas públicas em diversas áreas.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1393.

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    Length: 77 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1393

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    1. Blanco, Fernando & Herrera, Santiago, 2006. "The quality of fiscal adjustment and the long-run growth impact of fiscal policy in Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4004, The World Bank.
    2. Fernando Blanco & Santiago Herrera, 2006. "The Quality Of Fiscal Adjustment And The Long-Run Growth Impact Of Fiscal Policy In Brazil," Anais do XXXIV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 34th Brazilian Economics Meeting], ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of G 87, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker Than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116, February.
    4. Guido Tabellini, 2004. "The Role of the State in Economic Development," Working Papers 265, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    5. Babetskii, Ian & Campos, Nauro F., 2007. "Does reform work? An econometric examination of the reform-growth puzzle," BOFIT Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition 13/2007, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    6. Benedict J. Clements & Christopher Faircloth & Marijn Verhoeven, 2007. "Public Expenditure in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 07/21, International Monetary Fund.
    7. António Afonso & Ludger Schuknecht & Vito Tanzi, 2005. "Public sector efficiency: An international comparison," Public Choice, Springer, Springer, vol. 123(3), pages 321-347, June.
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