Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

O Ritmo de Queda na Desigualdade no Brasil é Adequado? Evidências do Contexto Histórico e Internacional

Contents:

Author Info

  • Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares

Abstract

Este texto utiliza duas abordagens para responder se o ritmo de queda da desigualdade no Brasil está adequado ou não. A primeira é comparar o ritmo de queda no coeficiente de Gini no Brasil com a queda no mesmo indicador em alguns países hoje pertencentes à Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE) - Espanha, Estados Unidos, França, Noruega, Países Baixos, Reino Unido e Suécia - , enquanto os mesmos construíam seus estados de bem-estar social durante o século passado. A segunda é calcular por quanto tempo o Brasil deverá manter o mesmo ritmo de queda para alcançar os níveis de desigualdade hoje observados em alguns países da OCDE que podem servir como referência: o Canadá, os Estados Unidos e o México. Os dados indicam que o ritmo de queda da desigualdade no Brasil de 0,7 ponto de Gini ao ano é superior ao ritmo que todos os países analisados seguiram enquanto construíam seus estados de bem-estar social, salvo a Espanha, cujo ritmo foi um pouco superior (0,9 ponto ao ano). Por seu turno, as distâncias que nos separam dos países-referência escolhidos são seis anos para o México, 12 para os Estados Unidos, e 24 anos para o Canadá. A conclusão geral do estudo é que o ritmo de queda na desigualdade é adequado, mas que o desafio será manter este ritmo por várias décadas para alcançar o nível de desigualdade, por exemplo, do Canadá. The following study uses two approaches to judge whether inequality in Brazil is falling fast enough. The first is to compare the variation of the Gini coefficient in Brazil with what was observed in several countries that today belong to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) - France, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, and United States - while they built their social welfare systems during the last century. The second approach is to calculate for how long Brazil must keep up the fall in the Gini coefficient to attain the same levels of inequality of three OECD countries that can be used as a reference: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The data indicate that the Gini coefficient in Brazil is falling 0.7 point per year and that this is superior to the rhythm of all the OECD countries analyzed while they built their welfare systems but Spain, whose Gini fell 0.9 point per year during the 1950s. The time needed to attain various benchmarks in inequality are: six years to Mexico, twelve to the United States and 24 to Canadian inequality levels. The general conclusion is that the speed with which inequality is falling is adequate, but the challenge will be to keep inequality falling at the same rate for another two or three decades.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL: http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/TDs/td_1339.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1339.

as in new window
Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1339

Contact details of provider:
Postal: SBS - Quadra 01 - Bloco J - Ed. BNDES, Brasília, DF - 70076-90
Phone: +55(061)315-5000
Fax: +55(61)321-1597
Email:
Web page: http://www.ipea.gov.br
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords:

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Neri, Marcelo Cortes, 2006. "Desigualdade, estabilidade e bem-estar social," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 637, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  2. Ricardo Paes de Barros & Samir Cury & Gabriel Ulyssea, 2007. "A Desigualdade de Renda no Brasil Encontra-se Subestimada? Uma Análise Comparativa com Base na PNAD, na POF e nas Contas Nacionais," Discussion Papers 1263, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
  3. Morrisson, Christian, 2000. "Historical perspectives on income distribution: The case of Europe," Handbook of Income Distribution, Elsevier, in: A.B. Atkinson & F. Bourguignon (ed.), Handbook of Income Distribution, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 217-260 Elsevier.
  4. Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares & Rafael Guerreiro Osorio, 2007. "Desigualdade e Bem-Estar no Brasil na Década da Estabilidade," Discussion Papers 1270, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

Citations

Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Luiz de Mello, 2011. "Brazil’s Achievements and Challenges," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(1), pages 3-10, 03.
  2. Pedro H. G. Ferreira de Souza, 2012. "Poverty, Inequality and Social Policies in Brazil, 1995-2009," Working Papers 87, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.

Lists

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

Statistics

Access and download statistics

Corrections

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1339. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Fabio Schiavinatto).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.