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The Evolution of Occupational Segregation in the U.S., 1940-2010: The Gains and Losses of Gender-Race/Ethnicity Groups

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Author Info

  • Coral del Rio

    (Universidade de Vigo and EQUALITAS)

  • Olga Alonso-Villar

    ()
    (Universidade de Vigo, Facultade de CC. Economicas, Departamento de Economia Aplicada)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is twofold: a) To explore the evolution of occupational segregation of women and men of different racial/ethnic groups in the U.S. during the period 1940-2010; and b) to assess the consequences of segregation for each of them. For that purpose, this paper proposes a simple index that measures the monetary loss or gain of a group derived from its overrepresentation in some occupations and underrepresentation in others. This index has a clear economic interpretation. It represents the per capita advantage (if the index is positive) or disadvantage (if the index is negative) of the group, derived from its segregation, as a proportion of the average wage of the economy. Our index seems a helpful tool not only for academics but also for institutions concerned with inequalities related to gender, race, ethnicity, and migration status, among others, since it makes it possible to rank different groups in an economy or a target group across time according to its segregation nature.

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File URL: http://www.ecineq.org/milano/WP/ECINEQ2014-323.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality in its series Working Papers with number 323.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:inq:inqwps:ecineq2014-323

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Keywords: Occupational segregation; local segregation; race; ethnicity; gender; wages; U.S.;

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References

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  1. Francine D. Blau & Peter Brummund & Albert Yung-Hsu Liu, 2012. "Trends in Occupational Segregation by Gender 1970-2009: Adjusting for the Impact of Changes in the Occupational Coding System," NBER Working Papers 17993, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Olga Alonso-Villar & Coral del Rio, 2013. "The occupational segregation of Black women in the United States: A look at its evolution from 1940 to 2010," Working Papers 304, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  3. Olga Alonso-Villar & Carlos Gradin & Coral del Rio, 2012. "Occupational segregation of Hispanics in U.S. metropolitan areas," Working Papers 242, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  4. Carlos Gradín, 2010. "Conditional occupational segregation of minorities in the U.S," Working Papers 185, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  5. Francine D. Blau & Wallace E. Hendricks, 1979. "Occupational Segregation by Sex: Trends and Prospects," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 14(2), pages 197-210.
  6. Fidan Ana Kurtulus, 2012. "Affirmative Action and the Occupational Advancement of Minorities and Women During 1973–2003," Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(2), pages 213-246, 04.
  7. Herve Queneau, 2009. "Trends in occupational segregation by race and ethnicity in the USA: evidence from detailed data," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(13), pages 1347-1350.
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