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What should regulation do in the field of micro-finance?

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  • Renuka Sane

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

  • Susan Thomas

    ()
    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development ResearchInstitute of Economic Growth)

Abstract

Recent events in India have brought a fresh focus on the appropriate regulatory stance towards micro-finance. In this paper, we review facts and recent experience about Indian microfinance. We analyse the puzzles of financial regulation in this field from first principles, and argue that the mainstream mechanisms of consumer protection and micro-prudential regulation need to be modified owing to joint-liability groups. From this perspective, we suggest regulatory strategies that need to be adopted for dealing with micro-credit and financial distribution that focuses on the poor. This analysis and conceptual framework also helps analyse the two policy responses till date, the Malegam report and the draft Microfinance Bill, 2011.

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File URL: http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/WP-2012-012.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India in its series Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers with number 2012-012.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ind:igiwpp:2012-012

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Keywords: Micro-finance; micro-credit; joint-liability-groups; India; consumer protection; regulation;

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References

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  1. Bhole, Bharat & Ogden, Sean, 2010. "Group lending and individual lending with strategic default," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(2), pages 348-363, March.
  2. Laibson, David I. & Gabaix, Xavier, 2006. "Shrouded Attributes, Consumer Myopia, and Information Suppression in Competitive Markets," Scholarly Articles 4554333, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Shubho Roy & Renuka Sane & Susan Thomas, 2011. "An Economic policy and legal analysis of the Micro Finance Institutions (Development & Regulation) Bill, 2011," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-025, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  4. Campbell, John Y. & Tufano, Peter & Madrian, Brigitte C. & Jackson, Howell Edmunds, 2011. "Consumer Financial Protection," Scholarly Articles 9887620, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  5. M. Sahoo & Renuka Sane, 2011. "A Regulatory approach to financial product advice and distribution," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2011-029, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  6. Ghatak, Maitreesh, 1999. "Group lending, local information and peer selection," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 27-50, October.
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