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Entendiendo las brechas salariales por genero en Chile

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Abstract

El propósito de este paper es estudiar las brechas salariales por género en Chile usando una nueva base de datos, la Encuesta de Protección Social 2002-2006, la que permite controlar por la experiencia laboral efectiva y el timming de dicha experiencia. Las variables de experiencia laboral potencial no reflejan el patrón de participación laboral intermitente y poco continuo que tienen las mujeres en Chile. Se introducen también correcciones por selección ocupacional y se instrumentan dos variables claves: educación y experiencia laboral. Aún cuando la brecha salarial continua siendo desfavorable a la mujer, la introducción de controles de experiencia laboral efectiva y la instrumentación de dicha experiencia laboral y de la educación, ubican a la brecha salarial horaria en torno al 11-18%, guarismos muy inferiores a los reportados en estudios anteriores para Chile. Contrariamente a lo esperado, esta brecha se ha ampliado en los últimos años.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv212.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv212

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Keywords: brechas salariales por género; descomposición; discriminación;

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