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¿Quién tiene miedo de la ayuda extranjera? La perspectiva del donante

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Author Info

  • Alberto Chong

    ()

  • Mark Gradstein

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés) Dado que los esfuerzos de los países industrializados para aumentar la cantidad de ayuda exterior que proporcionan ha venido aumentando recientemente, es importante entender los factores determinantes que inciden en ese proceso. En este trabajo se analizan los factores que inciden en la ayuda extranjera entre los votantes de los países donantes. El modelo teórico, que toma en cuenta una determinación endógena de los ingresos de asistencia oficial y privada, sugiere que la eficiencia del gobierno es un factor importante a este respecto, y también vincula el ingreso personal con el apoyo a la asistencia a través de la elasticidad de la sustitución. Un análisis empírico de actitudes personales, basado en las encuestas mundiales de valores, revela que hay dos factores vinculados positivamente con la disposición de una persona de dar su apoyo a la ayuda exterior: la satisfacción con el desempeño del propio gobierno y el ingreso relativo de la persona. Además, cuando se emplean datos del país donante, hallamos que la asistencia tiene una vinculación negativa con la desigualdad, la corrupción y los impuestos. Estos resultados se corresponden estrechamente con el marco analítico.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4453.

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Date of creation: Mar 2006
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4453

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