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Intergenerational Schooling Mobility and Macro Conditions and Schooling Policies in Latin America

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  • Jere R. Behrman
  • Nancy Birdsall
  • Miguel Székely

Abstract

The effects of market and policy reforms on poverty and inequality in Latin America have been of considerable concern. The region continues to have relatively great income inequalities. Two different societies with the same income distribution may have different levels of social welfare because they have different degrees of social mobility. To date little attention has been paid to measuring social mobility in the region. Schooling is thought to be a major mechanism through which intergenerational social mobility is affected. This paper explores the strength of the association of family background with child schooling and whether the strength of this association is related to some major macro and aggregate school policy variables.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications with number 6446.

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Date of creation: Sep 1998
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Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:6446

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Keywords: Investment; Education management; schooling mobility; social mobility; WP-386;

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References

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  1. Klaus Deininger & Lyn Squire, 1996. "A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 512, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  2. Jere Behrman & James C. Knowles, . "How Strongly is Child Schooling Associated with Household Income?," CARESS Working Papres, University of Pennsylvania Center for Analytic Research and Economics in the Social Sciences 97-22, University of Pennsylvania Center for Analytic Research and Economics in the Social Sciences.
  3. Rosenzweig, Mark R. & Paul Schultz, T., 1987. "Fertility and investments in human capital : Estimates of the consequence of imperfect fertility control in Malaysia," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 163-184.
  4. Hongyi Li & Lyn Squire & Tao Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 1999. "A Data Set on Income Distribution," CEMA Working Papers, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics 575, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  5. Lam, D. & Schoeni, R.F., 1993. "Family Ties and Labor Markets in the United States and Brazil," Papers, RAND - Labor and Population Program 93-25, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
  6. Behrman, Jere R & Rosenzweig, Mark R & Taubman, Paul, 1994. "Endowments and the Allocation of Schooling in the Family and in the Marriage Market: The Twins Experiment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(6), pages 1131-74, December.
  7. Suzanne Duryea & Miguel Székely, 1998. "Labor Markets in Latin America: A Supply-Side Story," IDB Publications, Inter-American Development Bank 6439, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Rosenzweig, Mark R, 1995. "Why Are There Returns to Schooling?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 85(2), pages 153-58, May.
  9. Behrman, Jere R & Rosenzweig, Mark R & Taubman, Paul, 1996. "College Choice and Wages: Estimates Using Data on Female Twins," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 78(4), pages 672-85, November.
  10. Lam. D. & Schoeni, R.F., 1996. "Effects on Family Background on Earnings and Returns to Schooling: Evidence from Brazil," Papers, RAND - Reprint Series 96-13, RAND - Reprint Series.
  11. Behrman, Jere R & Taubman, Paul, 1990. "The Intergenerational Correlation between Children's Adult Earnings and Their Parents' Income: Result from the Michigan Panel Survey of Income Dynamics," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 36(2), pages 115-27, June.
  12. Solon, Gary, 1992. "Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 82(3), pages 393-408, June.
  13. Behrman, Jere R. & Pollak, Robert A. & Taubman, Paul, 1995. "From Parent to Child," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226041568, February.
  14. Behrman, Jere R & Wolfe, Barbara L, 1984. "The Socioeconomic Impact of Schooling in a Developing Country," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 66(2), pages 296-303, May.
  15. Behrman, Jere R & Taubman, Paul, 1989. "Is Schooling "Mostly in the Genes"? Nature-N urture Decomposition Using Data on Relatives," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1425-46, December.
  16. Lam, David & Levison, Deborah, 1991. "Declining inequality in schooling in Brazil and its effects on inequality in earnings," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(1-2), pages 199-225, November.
  17. Behrman, Jere R & Pollak, Robert A & Taubman, Paul, 1982. "Parental Preferences and Provision for Progeny," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(1), pages 52-73, February.
  18. Psacharopoulos, George, 1994. "Returns to investment in education: A global update," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(9), pages 1325-1343, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Alejandro Gaviria & Momi Dahan, 1999. "Correlaciones entre hermanos y movilidad social en América Latina," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4163, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Andersen, Lykke Eg, 2001. "Low Social Mobility in Bolivia: Causes and Consequences for Development," Documentos de trabajo, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana 3/2001, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
  3. Alejandro Gaviria & Momi Dahan, 1999. "Sibling Correlations and Social Mobility in Latin America," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4162, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  4. Pasquier-Doumer, Laure, 2004. "Vers plus d'égalité d'opportunités scolaires ? L’évolution de la mobilité scolaire intergénérationnelle au Pérou depuis un siècle," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University 123456789/4562, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Harper, Caroline & Marcus, Rachel & Moore, Karen, 2003. "Enduring Poverty and the Conditions of Childhood: Lifecourse and Intergenerational Poverty Transmissions," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 535-554, March.
  6. Gupta, Sanjeev & Verhoeven, Marijn & Tiongson, Erwin R., 2002. "The effectiveness of government spending on education and health care in developing and transition economies," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 717-737, November.
  7. Laurence Wolff & Claudio de Moura Castro, 2000. "Educación secundaria en América Latina y el Caribe: Los retos del crecimiento y la reforma," IDB Publications, Inter-American Development Bank 8990, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Lorena Alcazar & Silvio Rendon & Erik Wachtenheim, 2002. "Working and Studying in Rural Latin America: Critical Decisions of Adolescence," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 3162, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  9. Lykke E. Andersen & Oscar Molina, 2004. "Análisis Estadístico y Económico sobre las Características de la Permanencia y Acceso Diferenciado por Género en el Sistema Educativo Boliviano a Nivel Municipal," Development Research Working Paper Series, Institute for Advanced Development Studies 01/2004, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
  10. Lykke Andersen, 2001. "Social Mobility in Latin America: Links with Adolescent Schooling," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 3130, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  11. Lykke E. Andersen & Alice Brooks & Alejandro F. Mercado, 2004. "Macroeconomic Policies to Increase Social Mobility and Growth in Bolivia," Development Research Working Paper Series, Institute for Advanced Development Studies 02/2004, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
  12. Megan Louw & Servaas van der Berg & Derek Yu, 2006. "Educational attainment and intergenerational social mobility in South Africa," Working Papers, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics 09/2006, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.

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