Nowcasting Chinese GDP: Information Content of Economic and Financial Data
AbstractThis paper applies the factor model proposed by Giannone, Reichlin, and Small (2005) on a large data set to nowcast (i.e. current-quarter forecast) the annual growth rate of China¡¦s quarterly GDP. The data set contains 189 indicator series of several categories, such as prices, industrial production, fixed asset investment, external sector, money market and financial market. This paper also applies Bai and Ng¡¦s criteria (2002) to determine the number of common factors in the factor model. The identified model generates out-of-sample nowcasts for China's GDP with smaller mean squared forecast errors than those of the Random Walk benchmark. Moreover, using the factor model, we find that interest rate data is the single most important block in estimating current-quarter GDP in China. Other important blocks are consumer and retail prices data and fixed asset investment indicators.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research in its series Working Papers with number 042011.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2011
Date of revision:
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Large Data Set; Pseudo Real Time Estimates; Factor Model; Kalman Filtering; Nowcasting; Information Content;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-03-19 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBA-2011-03-19 (Central Banking)
- NEP-FOR-2011-03-19 (Forecasting)
- NEP-TRA-2011-03-19 (Transition Economics)
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