From Natural Resources to High-Tech Production: The Evolution of Industrial Competitiveness in Sweden and Finland
AbstractThis paper analyzes the evolution of industrial competitiveness in Sweden and Finland in a long-term perspective. The first part looks at the foundations for industrial take-off in Sweden, with some focus on the development of institutions for the creation and dissemination of the skills and knowledge needed in the emerging industrial sector. The second part examines the development of the Swedish forest industry until the early 1990s, with particular emphasis on the factors allowing the industry to remain competitive for more than one century. The third and final part discusses the emergence of Nokia and Ericsson as market leaders in the high-tech mobile telecommunications industry. Summarizing the conclusions, we stress the role of efficient institutional solutions for the acquisition and development of technology, as well as the importance of an outward oriented trade regime. The experiences discussed in the report also suggest that public policy should provide an appropriate institutional framework to facilitate the sustainable use of land, raw materials, and other resources and promote learning and internationalization.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The European Institute of Japanese Studies in its series EIJS Working Paper Series with number 139.
Length: 73 pages
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Natural Resources: Neither Curse nor Destiny, Lederman, D. , Maloney, W.F. (eds.), 2007, pages 213-256, Stanford University Press and The World Bank, Washington, DC.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: The European Institute of Japanese Studies, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Web page: http://www.hhs.se/eijs/
More information through EDIRC
industrialization; technical change; internationalization; forest industries; telecommunications;
Other versions of this item:
- Blomström, Magnus & Kokko, Ari, 2003. "From Natural Resources to High-tech Production: The Evolution of Industrial Competitiveness in Sweden and Finland," CEPR Discussion Papers 3804, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- L63 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
- L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products
- O14 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
- O30 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-01-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2002-01-22 (Development)
- NEP-ENT-2002-01-05 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-ENV-2002-01-22 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-RES-2002-01-22 (Resource Economics)
- NEP-TID-2002-01-22 (Technology & Industrial Dynamics)
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