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Education, Wage Inequality and Growth

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  • Kirill Borissov

    ()
    (St. Petersburg Institute for Economics and Mathematics - Russian Academy of Science)

  • Stéphane Lambrecht

    ()
    (EQUIPPE - ECONOMIE QUANTITATIVE, INTEGRATION, POLITIQUES PUBLIQUES ET ECONOMETRIE - Université Lille I - Sciences et technologies - Université Lille II - Droit et santé - Université Lille III - Sciences humaines et sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France)

Abstract

We model a successive-generation economy in which parents, motivated by fam- ily altruism, decide to nance or not their o spring's capital accumulation on the basis of their altruistic motive, their own income and the equilibrium ratio between skilled-labor and unskilled-labor wages. The question we ask is how the growth process in this economy shapes the wage inequality and the split of the population in two classes. We study the transitional dynamics of human capital accumulation and of wage inequality. First, we prove the existence of equilibrium paths. Then we show that there exists a continuum of steady-state equilibria and prove the convergence of each equilibrium path to one of the steady-state equilibrium. Also we look at the relationship between inequality and output on the set of steady states and nd that this relationship is ambigu- ous. Finally, we deal with an endogenous-growth version of our model, which displays the ambiguous relationship between inequality and the rate of growth

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00955684.

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Date of creation: 18 Nov 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00955684

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  1. Rodrik, Dani & Alesina, Alberto, 1994. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," Scholarly Articles 4551798, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Galor, Oded & Zeira, Joseph, 1993. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(1), pages 35-52, January.
  3. Perotti, Roberto & Alesina, Alberto, 1996. "Income Distribution, Political Instability, and Investment," Scholarly Articles 4553018, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  4. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-89, December.
  5. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1993. "Factor Shares and Savings in Endogenous Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1184-98, December.
  6. LAMBRECHT, Stéphane & MICHEL, Philippe & THIBAULT, Emmanuel, 2005. "Capital accumulation and fiscal policy in an OLG model with family altruism," CORE Discussion Papers 2005027, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  7. Alesina, Alberto & Perotti, Roberto, 1996. "Income distribution, political instability, and investment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1203-1228, June.
  8. Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia & Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10091, Paris Dauphine University.
  9. Andreoni, James, 1989. "Giving with Impure Altruism: Applications to Charity and Ricardian Equivalence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1447-58, December.
  10. Loury, Glenn C, 1981. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 843-67, June.
  11. Debraj Ray, 2006. "On the dynamics of inequality," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 291-306, October.
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