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Desigualdad en la distribución de la renta, políticas impositivas y crecimiento económico en los países de la OCDE

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This paper analyzes an endogenous growth model in which individuals differ in their initial capital endowment and determine their optimal labor supply. The provision of government productive services is financed by a tax rate on labor income. Optimal taxes are endogenously decided by the majority rule. The main results show a positive (negative) relation between inequality in the distributio of factors and capital (labor) taxes and a non-linear (positive) relation between the tax rate on capital (labor) and the economic growth rate. The theoretical results are analyzed empirically in a sample of 17 OECD countries for the period 1960-1995. The estimation of the structural model gives no evidence of a robust relation between inequality and growth through the influence of taxes. (Copyright: Fundación Empresa Pública)

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Article provided by Fundación SEPI in its journal Investigaciones Economicas.

Volume (Year): 25 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 473-514

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Handle: RePEc:iec:inveco:v:25:y:2001:i:3:p:473-514

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Keywords: income distribution; fiscal policy; economic growth;

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References

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  1. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1993. "Factor Shares and Savings in Endogenous Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1184-98, December.
  2. Alesina, Alberto & Rodrik, Dani, 1994. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(2), pages 465-90, May.
  3. Grandmont, Jean-Michel, 1978. "Intermediate Preferences and the Majority Rule," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(2), pages 317-30, March.
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  6. ?gel de la Fuente & Rafael Dom?ech, . "Human Capital In Growth Regressions: How Much Difference Does Data Quality Make?," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 446.00, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  7. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1999. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 6891, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Perotti, Roberto, 1996. " Growth, Income Distribution, and Democracy: What the Data Say," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 149-87, June.
  9. Aghion, Philippe & Caroli, Eve & García-Peñalosa, Cecilia, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Scholarly Articles 12502063, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  10. Torsten Persson and Guido Tabellini., 1991. "Is Inequality Harmful for Growth? Theory and Evidence," Economics Working Papers 91-155, University of California at Berkeley.
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  13. Clarke, George R. G., 1992. "More evidence on income distribution and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1064, The World Bank.
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  17. Krusell, Per & Quadrini, Vincenzo & Rios-Rull, Jose-Victor, 1997. "Politico-economic equilibrium and economic growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 243-272, January.
  18. Kenneth L. Judd, 1982. "Redistributive Taxation in a Simple Perfect Foresight Model," Discussion Papers 572, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  19. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 2013. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Working Papers 2013-12, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  20. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1991. "A sensitivity analysis of cross-country growth regressions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 609, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Xavier Ramos & Oriol Roca-Sagales, 2007. "Long Term Effects of Fiscal Policy on the Size and the Distribution of the Pie in the UK," RSCAS Working Papers 2007/39, European University Institute.
  2. Ochando Claramunt, Carlos, 2010. "La distribución de la renta en España en el periodo de crecimiento económico: 1998-2005/The Distribution of the Income in Spain in the Period of Economic Growth: 1998-2005," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 691 (22 pá, Diciembre.
  3. Charles-Coll, Jorge A., 2010. "The optimal rate of inequality: A framework for the relationship between income inequality and economic growth," MPRA Paper 28921, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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