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Developing economies in the current climate regime : new prospects for resilience and sustainability ? The case of CDM projects in Asia

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  • Pauline Lacour

    ()
    (CREG - Centre de recherche en économie de Grenoble - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II : EA4625)

  • Jean-Christophe Simon

    ()
    (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : FRE3389 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)

Abstract

This paper offers a review of the current position of developing countries in the climate regime and international negotiations based primarily on the analysis of implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The paper will place emphasis on changes in national policies to accommodate CDM projects, focussing on the scope and rationale for bottom-up policies and measures as part of development strategies favouring more resilience and sustainability. Two issues are addressed more specifically: firstly regional specificity among developing areas and notably the pre-eminence of projects located in Asia, and secondly the relevance of CDM projects for both sustained growth and effective mitigation strategies. Regarding the latter, we consider that CDM project multiplication does question the relevance of national policies and the diversity of actors/stakeholders to foster upgraded domestic well targeted development strategies. Our research considers differences between developing countries and regions regarding selection and implementation of climate mitigation projects- with reference to their GHG emissions and national energy profiles (calculation from Enerdata source and IEA). It refers to selected cases of projects in East Asia - focus on China and Asean countries - showing particular sector selection patterns (differing between semi industrial economies and less developed countries) and diversification of stakeholders for development (role of regional actors within Asia). The analysis is based on international data base of CDM projects (United Nations) and secondary data from IGES (Japan) and Enerdata. The conclusion will examine prospects for CDM in a post 2012 climate régime for developing economies and the future relevance of CDM projects in the framework of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00676809.

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Date of creation: 19 Sep 2011
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Publication status: Published - Presented, 13th EADI general conference 2011 "Rethinking development in an age of scarcity and uncertainty : new values, voices and alliances for increased resilience", University of York, 2011, York, United Kingdom
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00676809

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00676809
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Keywords: emerging countries ; development policy ; climate regime ; mitigation ; Clean Development Mechanism Projects ; sustainability ; national climate strategies ; South East Asia;

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  1. Paul-marie Boulanger & Thierry Bréchet & Benoit Lussis, 2005. "Le Mécanisme pour un Développement Propre tiendra-t-il ses promesses ?," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 5-27.
  2. Zhang, ZhongXiang, 2010. "China in the transition to a low-carbon economy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6638-6653, November.
  3. Krasner, Stephen D., 1982. "Regimes and the limits of realism: regimes as autonomous variables," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 36(02), pages 497-510, March.
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