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Fraude A L'Information Comptable Et Financiere : Le Role Des Autorites De Regulation

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  • Constant Djama

    (CRM - Centre de Recherche en Management - Université des Sciences Sociales - Toulouse I - IAE de Toulouse - CNRS : EAC5032)

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    Abstract

    Notre papier s'intéresse au rôle que jouent les autorités de marché et judiciaires dans le contrôle de la qualité de l'information financière publiée. Il se propose d'étudier la réaction des investisseurs à l'annonce des sanctions pour fraude à l'information financière prononcées par l'Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF) et les juges. L'article est divisé en deux parties. Dans la première, est traité dans une perspective théorique le contrôle de l'information financière par les autorités de marché et judiciaires dans le cadre du gouvernement d'entreprise. La deuxième partie est consacrée à l'analyse des sanctions en matière de publication d'informations financières inexactes, imprécises et trompeuses. Après avoir analysé le contenu des décisions de sanction, nous avons réalisé des études d'évènement à partir de 85 annonces d'informations financières ayant été sanctionnées par l'AMF. Les résultats montrent que les réactions des investisseurs sont positives à l'annonce des informations frauduleuses. Ceux-ci semblent anticiper les sanctions et réagissent négativement à l'annonce de la décision l'AMF. Notre étude met ainsi en évidence une relative efficience du contrôle de l'information financière exercé par les institutions de marché au sein de la gouvernance élargie.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00522510.

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    Date of creation: May 2008
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    Publication status: Published - Presented, LA COMPTABILITE, LE CONTRÔLE ET L'AUDIT ENTRE CHANGEMENT ET STABILITE, 2008, France
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00522510

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00522510/en/
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    Keywords: Information comptable et financière; Gouvernance; Autorité des marchés financiers; Juges; Fraudes; Sanction;

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    1. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer, 2003. "What Works in Securities Law?," NBER Working Papers 9882, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1996. "A Survey of Corporate Governance," NBER Working Papers 5554, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. La Porta, Rafael & Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert, 2000. "Investor protection and corporate governance," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1-2), pages 3-27.
    4. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silane & Andrei Shleifer, 1998. "Corporate Ownership Around the World," NBER Working Papers 6625, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-25, June.
    6. Leuz, Christian & Nanda, Dhananjay & Wysocki, Peter D., 2003. "Earnings management and investor protection: an international comparison," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(3), pages 505-527, September.
    7. Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W., 1989. "Management entrenchment : The case of manager-specific investments," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 123-139, November.
    8. Shleifer, Andrei & Wolfenzon, Daniel, 2002. "Investor protection and equity markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 3-27, October.
    9. Warfield, Terry D. & Wild, John J. & Wild, Kenneth L., 1995. "Managerial ownership, accounting choices, and informativeness of earnings," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 61-91, July.
    10. Healy, Paul M., 1985. "The effect of bonus schemes on accounting decisions," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1-3), pages 85-107, April.
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