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The Determinants Of The Science-Based Cluster Growth: The Case Of Nanotechnologies

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Author Info

  • Vincent Mangematin

    ()
    (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble École de Management (GEM))

  • Khalid Errabi

    ()
    (MTS - Management Technologique et Strategique - Grenoble École de Management (GEM))

Abstract

There is growing academic and policy interests in the factors that underpin the formation and the growth of clusters, especially for such 'hyped up' scientific and technological fields as the nanotechnologies. This paper analyses the determinants of scientific cluster growth (measured by the number of publications that emanate there from), distinguishing between structural effects (i.e. initial cluster size, scientific field composition and geographic location) on the one hand and its scientific variety, organizational diversity and degree of openness (in terms of collaboration with outside actors) on the other. Overall, scientific variety enhances clusters growth, but organizational diversity slows it down. However, patterns of growth are different in Asia, Europe and North America. It seems that cluster evolution is highly contingent on national systems of innovation and on the history of collaboration amongst local actors. Policy makers and cluster strategists must design specific policies by zone, and should not simply attempt to replicate best practices from one zone to another. Slow growth may reflect also 'elitist' strategies - those based on quality rather than on numbers

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Grenoble Ecole de Management (Post-Print) with number hal-00526701.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Publication status: Published, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 2012, 30, 1, 128-146
Handle: RePEc:hal:gemptp:hal-00526701

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Related research

Keywords: cluster growth; nanotechnology; scientific district; publication;

This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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  1. Harald Bathelt & Andersand Malmberg & Peter Maskell, 2002. "Clusters and Knowledge Local Buzz, Global Pipelines and the Process of Knowledge Creation," DRUID Working Papers 02-12, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
  2. Zucker, Lynne G & Darby, Michael R & Armstrong, Jeff, 1998. "Geographically Localized Knowledge: Spillovers or Markets?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 36(1), pages 65-86, January.
  3. Vincent Mangematin & Khalid Errabi & Caroline Gauthier, 2011. "Large players in the nanogame: dedicated nanotech subsidiaries or distributed nanotech capabilities?," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 36(6), pages 640-664, December.
  4. Koen Frenken & Frank Van Oort & Thijs Verburg, 2007. "Related Variety, Unrelated Variety and Regional Economic Growth," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(5), pages 685-697.
  5. Ian R. Gordon & Philip McCann, 2005. "Innovation, agglomeration, and regional development," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(5), pages 523-543, October.
  6. Christian Zeller, 2002. "Project Teams as Means of Restructuring Research and Development in the Pharmaceutical Industry," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(3), pages 275-289.
  7. Yong-Sook Lee & Ying-Chian Tee & Dong-wan Kim, 2009. "Endogenous versus exogenous development: a comparative study of biotechnology industry cluster policies in South Korea and Singapore," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(4), pages 612-631, August.
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