A short history of French spirit of enterprise (from 1780 till date) (In French)
AbstractPessimistic views among French economist, political and scholar opinion givers have often prevailed about the assessment of French economic competitiveness ; that might be explained by negative surveys of the ability of economic elites to adapt themselves to the changes of the environment of competition and of the productive and technological systems. Breakdowns of enterprise spirit could thus explain that periods of sluggishness be imposed to French growth and, globally, that backwardness had been endured when factors of progress were at stake. Our text reconstitutes the overall issues and, then, proceeds, alongside chronological periods, to a large scrutinizing of the validity of these assertions, throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES with number 2005-15.
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
enterprise; enterprise spirit; elites; entrepreneurship; growth; innovation; investment; competitiveness; development; Malthusianism;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N8 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History
- N83 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- N84 - Economic History - - Micro-Business History - - - Europe: 1913-
- N6 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction
- M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-07-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENT-2005-07-03 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-HIS-2005-07-03 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-HPE-2005-07-03 (History & Philosophy of Economics)
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