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¿Minería y economía de los hogares en la sierra peruana: impactos y espacios de conflicto

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Abstract

Este estudio es una exploración cuantitativa del impacto de la actividad minero-metálica en los hogares de la sierra peruana, en el que hemos empleado métodos estándares de evaluación de impactos. Sobre la base de datos de la ENAHO 2003/04, realizamos un análisis separado por hogares rurales y urbanos. Encontramos una asociación positiva entre la minería y los ingresos y gastos de las familias urbanas, pero no de las familias rurales. En este último caso, sin embargo, sí encontramos evidencia de una menor tasa de pobreza relacionada con la presencia minera. Además, hallamos correlaciones negativas entre minería y acceso a servicios de agua y desagüe y una mayor incidencia potencial de enfermedades crónicas y agudas, especialmente en los hogares urbanos. Este conjunto de hallazgos caracterizan lo que llamamos un “espacio objetivo” de potenciales conflictos entre la minería y su entorno, el cual en nuestra opinión no ha sido enfrentado adecuadamente por las actuales políticas, normas e institucionalidad públicas de promoción de la inversión minera en el Perú. Al respecto planteamos algunas recomendaciones. Impacto educativo de un programa de desayunos escolares en escuelas rurales del Perú

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE) in its series Documentos de Investigación with number dt51.

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Length: 85 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt51

Note: Documento de Trabajo,51
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Keywords: Minería; Ingresos de hogares; Conflictos sociales; Sierra; Mining; Household income; Social conflicts; Highland; Peru;

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Cited by:
  1. Valenzuela, Irina, 2013. "Activos y contexto económico: Factores relacionados con la pobreza en el Perú," Working Papers 2013-013, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  2. Elisa Ticci, 2011. "Extractive Industries and Local Development in the Peruvian Highlands: Socio-Economic Impacts of the Mid-1990s Mining Boom," RSCAS Working Papers 2011/14, European University Institute.
  3. Elisa Ticci & Javier Escobal, 2013. "Extractive Industries and Local Development in the Peruvian Highlands," Department of Economics University of Siena 693, Department of Economics, University of Siena.

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