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Activos y contexto económico: Factores relacionados con la pobreza en el Perú

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  • Valenzuela, Irina

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

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    Abstract

    El objetivo del presente trabajo es identificar los factores que se relacionan con la probabilidad de ser pobre en el Perú, para ello se sigue el enfoque basado en activos, incorporando además variables relacionadas al contexto económico, como el nivel de desarrollo económico provincial y la presencia de actividad minera distrital. Un contexto económico relativamente favorable, reflejado en la residencia en una provincia con mayores ingresos per cápita, disminuye la probabilidad que un hogar caiga en la pobreza, ya sea en el ámbito urbano o rural. En tanto que residir en distritos con presencia minera disminuye la probabilidad de caer en pobreza, más no es relevante para determinar la probabilidad de caer en pobreza extrema. Residir en distritos mineros tiene impactos sólo en el espacio urbano. Se identifica a las regiones de Ancash, Arequipa y Madre de Dios como regiones donde dicho impacto es significativo.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its series Working Papers with number 2013-013.

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    Date of creation: Nov 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2013-013

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    Keywords: pobreza; pobreza extrema; determinantes; enfoque basado en activos; Perú;

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    1. Escobal, Javier, 2001. "The Determinants of Nonfarm Income Diversification in Rural Peru," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 497-508, March.
    2. Escobal, Javier & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Máximo, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," El Trimestre Económico, Fondo de Cultura Económica, vol. 0(263), pages 619-659, Julio-sep.
    3. David de Ferranti & Guillermo E. Perry & William Foster & Daniel Lederman & Alberto Valdés, 2005. "Beyond the City: The Rural Contribution to Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7328, February.
    4. Escobal, Javier & Torero, Maximo, 2003. "Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Eduardo Zegarra & José Carlos Orihuela & Maritza Paredes, 2007. "¿Minería y economía de los hogares en la sierra peruana: impactos y espacios de conflicto," Documentos de Investigación dt51, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
    6. Orazio P. Attanasio & Miguel Székely, 1999. "An Asset-Based Approach to the Analysis of Poverty in Latin America," Research Department Publications 3075, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    7. Siegel, Paul B., 2005. "Using an asset-based approach to identify drivers of sustainable rural growth and poverty reduction in Central America : a conceptual framework," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3475, The World Bank.
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