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¿Cómo se ajusta el mercado de trabajo ante cambios en el salario mínimo en el Perú? Una evaluación de la experiencia de la última década

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Abstract

Luego de alcanzar un pico histórico en 1986, el salario mínimo sufrió una caída estrepitosa, junto con el nivel medio de las remuneraciones, hasta inicios de los noventas. Sin embargo, desde mediados de los noventas se ha incrementado considerablemente, acercándose al nivel promedio de las remuneraciones tanto de trabajadores no calificados como de informales. Este estudio describe el marco institucional del salario mínimo en el mercado laboral peruano y analiza su relación con la distribución de los ingresos laborales para diferentes grupos del mercado laboral (trabajadores no calificados, informales, mujeres y jóvenes). Así mismo, aprovecha las variaciones recientes para identificar los efectos de un alza sobre las remuneraciones y el empleo a lo largo de la distribución de los ingresos laborales. A diferencia de lo que ocurre en otros países de América Latina, en el Perú el efecto del salario mínimo sobre las remuneraciones es muy limitado, afectando sólo a los trabajadores del sector formal cuyo nivel de salarios está alrededor del salario mínimo. Por otro lado, se encuentran efectos más amplios y negativos sobre el empleo tanto en el sector formal como en el informal.

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File URL: http://www.grade.org.pe/download/pubs/ddt/ddt50.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE) in its series Documentos de Investigación with number dt50.

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Length: 70 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt50

Note: Documento de trabajo, 50
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Related research

Keywords: Empleo; Salarios; Salario mínimo; Mercado de trabajo; Employment; Wages; Minumum wage; Labour market; Peru;

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Cited by:
  1. Chacaltana, Juan, 2009. "Economic implications of labour and labour-related laws on MSEs : a quick review of the Latin American experience," ILO Working Papers 433276, International Labour Organization.
  2. Nikita Céspedes & Alan Sánchez, 2013. "Minimum wage and job mobility," Documentos de Trabajo 2013-359, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.

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