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Women's assets and intrahousehold allocation in rural Bangladesh

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  • Quisumbing, Agnes R.
  • de la Briere, Benedicte

Abstract

This paper examines how differences in the bargaining power of husband and wife affect the distribution of consumption expenditures in rural Bangladeshi households. Two alternative measures of assets are used: current assets and the value of assets brought to marriage. Results show that both assets at marriage and current assets are strongly determined by the human capital of husband and wife and the characteristics of their origin families. For both husband and wife, parents' landholdings are a consistent determinant of both assets at marriage and current assets. Contrary to the unitary model, husband's and wife's assets have different effects on the allocation of expenditures within the household. Wife's assets have a positive and significant effect on the share of expenditures on children's clothing and education. This result is robust to the choice of asset measure and estimation procedure. After endogeneity of assets is accounted for, husband's current assets have a positive and significant effect on the food expenditure share. Neglecting the endogeneity of asset measures to individual and parental characteristics may lead to biased estimates of the impact of men's and women's assets on expenditure shares.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series FCND discussion papers with number 86.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:fpr:fcnddp:86

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Keywords: Family Economic aspects. ; Gender issues. ; Assets. ; Bangladesh Social conditions. ; Households Bangladesh. ;

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Cited by:
  1. Dillon, Andrew & Quiñones, Esteban J., 2010. "Asset dynamics in Northern Nigeria:," IFPRI discussion papers 1049, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Nazia Mansoor, 2011. "Marriage payments and bargaining power of women in rural Bangladesh," Studies in Economics, Department of Economics, University of Kent 1119, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  3. Kumar, Neha & Quisumbing, Agnes R., 2010. "Access, adoption, and diffusion," IFPRI discussion papers 995, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  4. Marcel Fafchamps & Agnes Quisumbing, 2002. "Assets at Marriage in Rural Ethiopia," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2002-22, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  5. Keera Allendorf, 2012. "Women’s Agency and the Quality of Family Relationships in India," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(2), pages 187-206, April.
  6. Swaminathan, Hema & Findeis, Jill L., 2003. "Impact Of Credit On Labor Allocation And Consumption Patterns In Malawi," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association) 22118, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. Kandpal, Eeshani & Baylis, Katherine R. & Arends-Kuenning, Mary, 2012. "Measuring the Effect of Education and Influence on Female Employment and Empowerment: Evidence from India," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association 123705, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  8. Kandpal, Eeshani & Baylis, Kathy & Arends-Kuenning, Mary P., 2012. "Empowering Women through Education and Influence: An Evaluation of the Indian Mahila Samakhya Program," IZA Discussion Papers 6347, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Floro, Maria & Antonopoulos, Rania, 2004. "Asset Depletion Among the Poor: Does Gender Matter? The Case of Urban Households in Thailand," Vassar College Department of Economics Working Paper Series 59, Vassar College Department of Economics.
  10. Marcel Fafchamps & Agnes Quisumbing, 2002. "Marriage and Assortative Matching in Rural Ethiopia," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2002-21, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  11. Catherine T. Kenney, 2007. "When Father Doesn't Know Best: Parents’ Management and Control of Money and Children’s Food Insecurity," Working Papers 24, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing..
  12. Hallman, Kelly & Lewis, David & Begum, Suraiya, 2003. "An integrated economic and social analysis to assess the impact of vegetable and fishpond technologies on poverty in rural Bangladesh:," EPTD discussion papers 112, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  13. Pangaribowo, Evita Hanie, 2012. "Intrahousehold Power: the Role of Women’s Share of Asset and Social Capital on Household Food and Nonfood Expenditures," 86th Annual Conference, April 16-18, 2012, Warwick University, Coventry, UK, Agricultural Economics Society 135521, Agricultural Economics Society.

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