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A construção política do estado


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  • Pereira, Luiz Carlos Bresser


In the relations between society and the state, the two forms of politicallyorganized societies – the nation and civil society – play a key role, as also do classcoalitions and political pacts. The relation between both is dialectical, but, initially, thestate exerts more influence on the society; as democratization takes place this relationgradually changes in favor of society. Despite the fact that politics (the art of governingthe state) is subjected to economic and political constraints, it counts with a relativeautonomy. It is not the state but politics that has relative autonomy. Whereas societyand the economy are the realm of necessity, politics is the realm of men’s will andfreedom. The deterministic political theories that search to predict political behavior failbecause they ignore this relative autonomy of politics. It is through politics, in theframework of the democratic state, that men and women build their state and theirsociety.

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Paper provided by Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 273.

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Date of creation: 05 Nov 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:eesptd:273

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