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Economic Growth of Japan and the United States in the Information Age

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  • Dale W. Jorgenson
  • Kazuyuki Motohashi

Abstract

In this paper we compare sources of economic growth in Japan and the United States from 1973 through 2000, focusing on the role of information technology (IT). We have adjusted Japanese data to conform to U.S. definitions in order to provide a rigorous comparison between the two economies. The contribution of information technology to economic growth was strikingly similar in Japan and the United States in the last half of the 1990's. The growth rate of the Japanese economy declined drastically in the early 1990's, but revived modestly during the last half of the decade. In this period the share of the Japanese gross domestic product devoted to investment in computers, telecommunications equipment, and software rose sharply and the rate of total factor productivity growth increased. However, the contributions of labor input and other sources of growth in Japan lagged far behind those in the United States.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) in its series Discussion papers with number 03015.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:03015

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  1. Griliches, Zvi, 1994. "Productivity, R&D, and the Data Constraint," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 1-23, March.
  2. Dale W. Jorgenson & Kevin J. Stiroh, 2000. "Raising the Speed Limit: U.S. Economic Growth in the Information Age," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 31(1), pages 125-236.
  3. Susanto Basu, 1995. "Procyclical Productivity: Increasing Returns or Cyclical Utilization?," NBER Working Papers 5336, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Brynjolfsson, Erik. & Hitt, Lorin M., 1994. "Information technology as a factor of production : the role of differences among firms," Working papers 3715-94. CCSTR ; #173., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
  5. Dale W. Jorgenson & Mun S. Ho & Kevin J. Stiroh, 2005. "Growth of U.S. Industries and Investments in Information Technology and Higher Education," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring Capital in the New Economy, pages 403-478 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Jorgenson, Dale W. & Ho, Mun S. & Stiroh, Kevin J., 2003. "Lessons from the US growth resurgence," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 453-470, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Miyagawa, Tsutomu & Ito, Yukiko & Harada, Nobuyuki, 2004. "The IT revolution and productivity growth in Japan," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 362-389, September.
  2. Shuzo Ueda & Kazuo Ogawa, 2012. "On the cost-reducing effects of embodied technical progress: a panel study of the steel industry in Japan," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 37(2), pages 141-153, April.
  3. Keiichiro Kobayashi, 2006. "Payment uncertainty, the division of labor, and productivity declines in great depressions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 9(4), pages 715-741, October.
  4. B.K. Atrostic & Kazuyuki Motohashi & Sang Nguyen, 2008. "Computer Network Use and Firms' Productivity Performance: The United States vs. Japan," Working Papers 08-30, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  5. Keiichiro Kobayashi, 2004. "Payment Uncertainty and the Productivity Slowdown," Discussion papers 04029, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  6. Escudero, Verónica & López Mourelo, Elva, 2012. "Improving Competitiveness and Fostering Productivity in Spain/Mejorar la competitividad y fomentar la productividad en España," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 30, pages 105-136, Abril.
  7. Keiko Ito & Kyoji Fukao, 2004. "Physical and Human Capital Deepening and New Trade Patterns in Japan," NBER Working Papers 10209, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jorgenson, Dale W., 2005. "Les technologies de l’information et les économies du G7," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 81(1), pages 15-45, Mars-Juin.

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