Designing a property tax without property values: Analysis in the case of Ireland
AbstractWe examine the implications of using hedonic regressions of house values as the basis for property tax assessment in the Republic of Ireland. Ad valorem property taxes are more equitable than flat rate taxes, but their equity benefits can be reduced if the relative values of dwellings are inaccurately assessed. Achieving greater accuracy in assessment tends to increase administrative costs, so policymakers face a trade-off between cost and accuracy. Using the Irish National Survey of Housing Quality of 2002, this study analyses the contribution that information about selected property characteristics can make to determine the relative values of residential properties in Ireland. These characteristics are the location of the dwelling, house size in square meters, the number of rooms and bedrooms in the home, the age of the house and the type of dwelling. The values of residential properties are estimated using these variables in turn and the prediction errors are presented in terms of the absolute value error and the assessment ratio (the estimated value divided by the market value). We find that it is possible to assign approximately 80% of houses nationally within the correct tax valuation band using just one of five house characteristics. Households whose house price is under assessed tend to be those with the greatest means (highly skilled professionals and high income earners), so a tax assessment system based on this type of valuation would tend to make regressive errors (while a property tax itself is regressive too). Consequently, checks would need to be put in place in order to more accurately estimate very highly priced properties as well as introducing exemptions for lower value properties and low income groups. The system could also be used to identify likely mis-reporting if using a self-assessment system.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its series Papers with number WP352.
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
hedonic regression/Ireland/property tax;
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ACC-2010-10-09 (Accounting & Auditing)
- NEP-ALL-2010-10-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-PUB-2010-10-09 (Public Finance)
- NEP-URE-2010-10-09 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Richard Bird, 1984. "Put up or shut up: Self-assessment and asymmetric information," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 3(4), pages 618-620.
- Jeffrey I. Chapman & Robert J. Johnston & Timothy J. Tyrrell, 2009. "Implications of a Land Value Tax with Error in Assessed Values," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 85(4), pages 576-586.
- Asher Wolinsky, 2000.
"A Market Based Approach to Property Tax,"
1305, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
- Ronald W. Spahr & Mark A. Sunderman, 1998. "Property Tax Inequities on Ranch and Farm Properties," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 74(3), pages 374-389.
Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Poll tax to be replaced by property tax
by Richard Tol in The Irish Economy on 2011-12-21 09:07:29
- Property taxes
by Richard Tol in The Irish Economy on 2010-11-15 09:09:04
- Policy seminar on property taxes
by Richard Tol in The Irish Economy on 2010-11-01 15:13:25
- Keane, Claire & Walsh, John R. & Callan, Tim & Savage, Michael, 2012. "Property Tax in Ireland: Key Choices," Papers EC11, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
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