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Group Behavior and Development: A Comparison of Farmers' Organisations in South Korea and Taiwan

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  • Larry Burmeister
  • Gustav Ranis

    ()
    (Economic Growth Center, Yale University)

  • Michael Wang
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    Abstract

    This study presents a comparative analysis of farmers' organisations in Korea and Taiwan during 1950-80 in order to help us understand the role of group behavior in affecting development outcomes. It highlights the linkages between group behavior, parastatal organisational structures and economic performance. The paper examines the historical and political economy contexts that led to the creation of both countries' farmers' organisations and highlights the institutional characteristics that impacted their operational effectiveness. The study discusses elements in internal and external policies that affected group motivation and traces the implications of such differences in group behavior for bottom line performance. Though there existed many similarities in both organisational structure and operations, it is argued that differential intra-group behavioral dynamics led to differences in agricultural performance. Although, with the declining importance of agriculture, the relative importance of such organisations has declined in recent years, the study is relevant for developing countries at every stage of development.

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    File URL: http://www.econ.yale.edu/growth_pdf/cdp828.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Economic Growth Center, Yale University in its series Working Papers with number 828.

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    Length: 41 pages
    Date of creation: May 2001
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:egc:wpaper:828

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    Related research

    Keywords: Farmers' Organizations; Korea; Taiwan; Group Behavior;

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    References

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    1. Lee, Chinkook & Culver, David W., 1985. "Agricultural Development in Three Asian Countries: A Comparative Analysis," Agricultural Economics Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 1.
    2. Ranis, Gustav & Stewart, Frances, 1993. "Rural nonagricultural activities in development : Theory and application," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 75-101, February.
    3. Ranis, G., 1993. "Labor Markets, Human Capital and Development Performance in East Asia," Papers 697, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
    4. Desai, Bhupat M. & Mellor, John W., 1993. "Institutional finance for agricultural development," Food policy reviews 1, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Heyer, J. & Stewart, F. & Thorp, R., 1999. "Group Behaviour and Development," Research Paper 161, World Institute for Development Economics Research.
    6. Oshima, Harry T, 1986. "The Transition from an Agricultural to an Industrial Economy in East Asia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34(4), pages 783-809, July.
    7. Ching-Cheng Chang & Tsung-Chuan Hsieh, 1998. "The economic efficiency of the Credit Department of Farmers' Associations in Taiwan," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 409-418.
    8. Ranis, Gustav, 1995. "Another Look at the East Asian Miracle," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 9(3), pages 509-34, September.
    9. Ostrom, Elinor, 1996. "Crossing the great divide: Coproduction, synergy, and development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 1073-1087, June.
    10. Lele, Uma, 1981. "Co-operatives and the poor: A comparative perspective," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 55-72, January.
    11. Larry L. Burmeister, 1990. "State, Industrialization and Agricultural Policy in Korea," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 21(2), pages 197-223, 04.
    12. Evans, Peter, 1996. "Government action, social capital and development: Reviewing the evidence on synergy," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(6), pages 1119-1132, June.
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